Establishing the Malaysian Contractors' Soft Skills Requirements for Construction Management Graduates: Applying the Rasch Measurement Model
Keywords:Soft skill, construction management graduates, Malaysian construction industry, industry requirement and entry level construction manager
This study aimed to investigate the construction management graduates soft skills required by the Malaysian Construction Industry in performing the entry-level construction managers' role and task. A questionnaire survey method/design using a 5 Likert scale was employed for data collection process. The research instrument adopted 33 items from soft skills development model developed by the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia to measure industry requirement in seven different dimensions and questionnaire items were analyzed using the Rasch Measurement Model. A total of 72 construction practitioners represent the contractors (grade 5 to 7) in Klang Valley participated in this study. The Rasch measurement model was used to analyze the items and respondents' reliability, the items and respondents' separation index, the items' fit, the levels of items' agreement and the respondents' ability. The findings revealed that the items' reliability index was .75, and the respondents' reliability index was .86. Items' strata index was 2.65, which explains that there are three different levels of items' agreement in this study. Meanwhile, the respondents' strata index was 3.64, which explains that there are three tiers of respondents' requirement in this study. The results also found that 2 items were misfits with the Rasch measurement model based on the values of outfit/Infit MNSQ and the z-standardized index. Rasch Measurement Model identify most of the contractors requires construction management graduates to practice the soft skills in performing entry-level construction managers roles and tasks.
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