Comparing Employability Skills of Technical and Vocational Education Students of Thailand and Malaysia: A Case Study of International Industrial Work-Integrated Learning



international work-integrated learning, comparative study, sustainable employment


This study focused on a comparison of technical and vocational education (TVE) students' employability skills in Thailand, a newly industrialized country and ranked 61st out of 148 countries worldwide on the quality of graduates’ skillsets, and Malaysia, a top-ranked country in the group of upper-middle income countries in terms of graduates’ skillsets (6th). Thirty mentors were asked to assess 90 Thai and 83 Malaysian students who completed international work-integrated learning (WIL) programs in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018, using a questionnaire that addressed 16 main aspects of measuring employability skills. The findings indicated that most of the Malaysian students had better employability skills than Thai students and there were no significant differences in employability skills between male and female students in both countries.  The regression model of quality of work indicated that ‘ability to learn and apply knowledge’, ‘judgment and decision making’, ‘discipline and adaptability to a formal organization’, ‘ethics and morality’ and ‘quantity of work’ had a positive effect on ‘quality of work’. This study suggested that, in order to effectively prepare students for professional work and careers in ever-changing workplaces, TVE institutions should carefully assess the quality of the WIL environment, especially international WIL. The reflection of mentors in the workplace provided useful information for TVE institutions to develop effective WIL program to boost students’ qualities and may give insight into how students are likely to receive sustainable employment development to building a more sustainable society through the skills and knowledge of their students.


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Author Biographies

Theerasak Sa-Nguanmanasak, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000

Theerasak Sa-nguanmanasak is Process Quality Engineering Manager at TDK-Hutchinson Technology Operations (Thailand) Co., Ltd., Thailand. His experience in Engineering and Human Resources as university collaborations and mentor function in WD-CWIE program. He has been worked from Western Digital Corporation (Thailand and Malaysia) more than 25 years.

Buratin Khampirat, Suranaree University of Technology

Dr. Buratin Khampirat, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of educational research at Suranaree University of Technology (SUT), Thailand.  She lectures undergraduate and postgraduate courses in research methodology, quantitative research and applied multivariate statistical analysis.  Her research interests focus on assessment of efficiency and effectiveness in higher education institutions, employability, career development, learning outcomes, assessment of competencies using structural equation modeling (SEM) and multilevel modeling, as well as learning and teaching in higher education.  In the past decade, she has been conducting and participating in several research projects, both as a leader and as a member of a cross-disciplinary team. She has received a number of awards/recognitions throughout the course of her research as well. Dr. Buratin is also a co-convenor of the European Educational Research Association (EERA) in Network 11 - Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance.




How to Cite

Sa-Nguanmanasak, T., & Khampirat, B. (2019). Comparing Employability Skills of Technical and Vocational Education Students of Thailand and Malaysia: A Case Study of International Industrial Work-Integrated Learning. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 11(3). Retrieved from