The Relationship Between Principals’ Leaderships Towards TVET Teachers’ Motivation in Implementing ICT


  • Mohd Asraf M Mohd Siraj Univeristy Putra Malaysia
  • Ahmad Aizuddin University Putra Malaysia
  • Rosmaria Omar University Malaya
  • Nor Azni Abdul Aziz University Putra Malaysia
  • Mohd Ashraff Mohd Anuar University Putra Malaysia


Transformational Leadership, instructional leadership, TVET teachers, motivation, ICT


The leadership role in a school organisation is crucial for long-term success, particularly in relation to teachers' motivation, especially in the implementation of ICT. School leaders possess the opportunity to employ diverse leadership styles that can influence teachers' motivation, specifically in integrating ICT into teaching and learning. Technical and vocational education is an area where ICT integration holds significant potential for productivity enhancement, given its pivotal role in developing students' college-ready skills. However, previous studies have shown uncertainties in the relationship between principals’ leadership styles and teachers' motivation in certain schools. Therefore, this study aims to examine the relationship between principals' leadership styles and TVET teachers' motivation in implementing ICT. A correlational study was conducted, employing survey methods, and utilizing the Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS) for instructional leadership styles and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) for transformational leadership styles. The instruments used to measure teachers' motivation were adapted from the instruments aligning with the TAM model. Data analysis included percentage, mean, standard deviation, frequency, regression, and Pearson's correlation analysis, with a significance level set at p = 0.05. The results revealed that TVET teachers' responses to the leadership styles of school principals in Malaysia are satisfactory. Furthermore, a significant correlation exists between the principal's leadership styles and TVET teachers’ motivation. In addition, regression analysis demonstrates that transformational dan instructional leaderships influence TVET teachers’ motivation in implementing ICT. These findings provide support for previous research indicating that the principal's leadership styles indeed influence teachers' motivation.


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Author Biographies

Ahmad Aizuddin, University Putra Malaysia

Ahmad Aizuddin Md Rami graduated with Bachelor of Education Studies in 2009 from Queensland University of Technology, Australia. Master of Science in 2013 and Doctor of Philosophy in 2018 from Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin. He began his career as a school teacher in January, 2010 until he was appointed as Assistant Director at Terengganu State Education Department (JPNT). He started his career as an academia on 03 March 2020, when he joined Department of Professional Development and Continuing Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, UPM as Senior Lecturer. He is actively involved in research and consultancy works in the field of leadership, adults learning, Human resource development and community development.

Nor Azni Abdul Aziz, University Putra Malaysia

Dr. Nor Azni binti Abdul Aziz received her early education in Taiping, Perak. She continued his secondary education at Sekolah Menengah Sains Teluk Intan, Perak. She holds a bachelor’s degree in Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. She served as a teacher before continuing her studies at the master’s and Doctorate levels in the field of Educational Administration at Universiti Putra Malaysia. She has experience serving in the School Inspectorate, Ministry of Education, Malaysia before being appointed as a senior lecturer at Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2020. Her areas of expertise are Education Administration, School Leadership and School Management.

Mohd Ashraff Mohd Anuar, University Putra Malaysia

Mohd Ashraff Mohd Anuar was born in Petaling Jaya, Selangor and received his high school education at Sekolah Menengah Bandar Baru Bangi. He posseses a Diploma in Human Development and B.Sc degree in Human Resource Development from University Putra Malaysia. Initially, he gained experiences in commercial industries when he was a former Human Resource Officer at Copper Foil Manufacturing Company, in Shah Alam and later as a Customer Service Officer in one of the private broadcasting company in Kuala Lumpur. In addition, he was also a Research Assistant in University Putra Malaysia. He then decided to further his studies in Industrial and Organizational Psychology at University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi. He joined UPM as Tutor in November 2004.




How to Cite

M Mohd Siraj, M. A., Md. Rami, A. A., Omar, R., Abdul Aziz, N. A., & Mohd Anuar, M. A. (2023). The Relationship Between Principals’ Leaderships Towards TVET Teachers’ Motivation in Implementing ICT. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 15(3), 79–91. Retrieved from