Analysis of Curriculum for Science Education for Students with Special Needs in Vocational High Schools
Keywords:Curriculum, education, science education, students with special needs, vocational high school
The curriculum is a tool to achieve national goals, making it as a reference in formulating goals in the learning process that must be achieved by each student. Each student has different needs in the learning process due to its different potentialities. Different from general students, students with special needs (SSNs) are students who need special education and services in the learning process especially in science learning. The science education curriculum for SSNs is important to be understood because all students need to get the same goal to achieve the national goals in the curriculum. However, SSNs had limitations and problems to achieve the goals, especially comparing to general students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the curriculum in vocational high schools on science education for SSNs. Qualitative methods were used in this study. Research data were obtained through literature review, field studies, observations, and interviews. Data on the science education curriculum at the culinary vocational school were identified and investigated. Culinary Study was the main focus since most SSNs take this major. The results showed that the science education curriculum used for SSNs was the same as students in general. However, most educators make individual learning programs to make it easier for SSNs to achieve learning goals. The material in the curriculum taught is the same, but the approaches, strategies, methods, and media must be reconstructed and adapted to the needs of SSNs. Some teachers also make curriculum modifications, known as a differentiated curriculum. This research is expected to become knowledge for vocational schools that accept SSNs, and this study can be an alternative in making a differentiated curriculum for students, making it as one of the solutions in teaching general students and SSNs.
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