DEVELOPMENT OF PAKISTAN’S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET): AN ANALYSIS OF SKILLING PAKISTAN REFORMS
Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) play an important role for socio-economic development of a country. An overview of documented literature reiterated that the TVET sector in Pakistan needs substantial reforms to meet the challenges of global skilled labour market. This paper focuses the development of TVET in Pakistan with particular emphasize on the “Skilling Pakistan” reforms outlined in National Skill Strategy (NSS) (2009-2013) and the progress of TVET reform support programme (2011-2016). The current progress showed satisfactory performance to achieve the 20 proposed reforms under 4 major components. Under the Skilling Pakistan reforms some tangible efforts for making a world class TVET system have been executed and also plan to achieve the desired objectives. Moreover, proper mechanisms for the implementation of proposed reforms were also framed with monitoring and performance evaluation to access the progress using overall success indicators. However, some others steps are suggested to be taken up by the Government to ensure the implementation of the current reforms with quality, equality, equity and equal access to build a lifelong learning society.