A Study of Ransomware Attacks: Evolution and Prevention


  • Aini Khalida Muslim Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Dzunnur Zaily Mohd Dzulkifli Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Mohammed Hayder Nadhim Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Roy Haizal Abdellah Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia


Ransomware, Evolution, Characterization, Prevention Measures


Ransomware is a combination of two words, ransomware and software. In other words, ransomware makes it really hard forusers to access all files and data in a computer because it hacks the data and do not allow the users to access the files unless theypay ransom to the hacker. Dr. Joseph Popp is the first person to develop ransomware. Ransomware is known as a global epidemic that attacks all types of organizations using computing infrastructure. Ransomware has undergone various evolutions. Preventive measuresare needed in order to avoid losses especially in business. The purpose of this study is to examine the evolution of ransomware and preventionsagainst it. In this study, the secondary data were collected by using telemetry data by Symantec to track ransomware attacks in certain countries. Samplescame from among top 5 countries that have been declared as the onesmostly infected by Crypto Ransomware and Locker Ransomware infections. The findings of the study confirm that ransomware prevention is really needed in order to avoid the countries from beingcontinuously attacked by Ransomware. The findings in this study can be used as a reference for future researchers who want to conduct further study especially on cybercrimes




How to Cite

Aini Khalida Muslim, Dzunnur Zaily Mohd Dzulkifli, Mohammed Hayder Nadhim, & Roy Haizal Abdellah. (2019). A Study of Ransomware Attacks: Evolution and Prevention. Journal of Social Transformation and Regional Development, 1(1), 18–25. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/jstard/article/view/5503