Finite Element Modelling of Car Hood Panel for Pedestrian Protection during Impact

  • Hatam Samaka University of Technology, Baghdad, IRAQ
  • Abreeza Manap Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
  • Faris Tarlochan Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713, QATAR
  • Raja Feninferina Raja Azman Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
  • Nabilah Ibrahim Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Pedestrian protection, Headform impactor, HIC, Friendly car design, Hood inner plate pillar

Abstract

Pedestrian protection during accidents is one of the important criteria in the design of new “pedestrian friendly cars” that is in compliance to the new regulations requirements for pedestrian and road users’ safety. In this study, the collision between headform impactors and vehicle hoods is simulated using FE models developed according to the European Enhanced Vehicle-Safety Committee (EEVC/WG17) regulations. The impact was simulated in LS-Dyna to study the hood performance in terms of pedestrian safety by evaluating the Head Injury Criteria (HIC). The performance of the hood was investigated by varying the section dimensions of the panel pillar with comparisons to the original dimensions. Results indicate that the section dimensions of the panel pillar is one of the keys to control the performance of hood during collision by reducing the HIC and the head injury risk level of pedestrian during accidents.

Author Biographies

Hatam Samaka, University of Technology, Baghdad, IRAQ
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Abreeza Manap, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Faris Tarlochan, Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713, QATAR
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Raja Feninferina Raja Azman, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
Department of Software Engineering
Nabilah Ibrahim, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, MALAYSIA
Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Published
2016-04-01
How to Cite
Samaka, H., Manap, A., Tarlochan, F., Raja Azman, R. F., & Ibrahim, N. (2016). Finite Element Modelling of Car Hood Panel for Pedestrian Protection during Impact. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 8(1). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/1329
Section
Issue on Electrical and Electronic Engineering