Finite Element Modelling of Car Hood Panel for Pedestrian Protection during Impact

Authors

  • Hatam Samaka University of Technology, Baghdad, IRAQ
  • Abreeza Manap Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
  • Faris Tarlochan Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713, QATAR
  • Raja Feninferina Raja Azman Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
  • Nabilah Ibrahim Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, MALAYSIA

Keywords:

Pedestrian protection, Headform impactor, HIC, Friendly car design, Hood inner plate pillar

Abstract

Pedestrian protection during accidents is one of the important criteria in the design of new “pedestrian friendly cars†that is in compliance to the new regulations requirements for pedestrian and road users’ safety. In this study, the collision between headform impactors and vehicle hoods is simulated using FE models developed according to the European Enhanced Vehicle-Safety Committee (EEVC/WG17) regulations. The impact was simulated in LS-Dyna to study the hood performance in terms of pedestrian safety by evaluating the Head Injury Criteria (HIC). The performance of the hood was investigated by varying the section dimensions of the panel pillar with comparisons to the original dimensions. Results indicate that the section dimensions of the panel pillar is one of the keys to control the performance of hood during collision by reducing the HIC and the head injury risk level of pedestrian during accidents.

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Author Biographies

  • Hatam Samaka, University of Technology, Baghdad, IRAQ
    Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
  • Abreeza Manap, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Faris Tarlochan, Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713, QATAR
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
  • Raja Feninferina Raja Azman, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM, Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
    Department of Software Engineering
  • Nabilah Ibrahim, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, MALAYSIA
    Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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Published

01-04-2016

Issue

Section

Issue on Electrical and Electronic Engineering

How to Cite

Samaka, H., Manap, A., Tarlochan, F., Raja Azman, R. F., & Ibrahim, N. (2016). Finite Element Modelling of Car Hood Panel for Pedestrian Protection during Impact. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 8(1). https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/1329