A Review on Mechanical and Durability Performance With Industrial Waste as Concrete Material
Keywords:Industrial Waste, Mechanical Properties, Durability
Rising urbanization and industrialization in each evolved and growing nation will increases the manufacturing of industrial waste which could lead to environmental issues and deterioration of human health. An alternative to reduce the rate of industrial waste in the country is by using the wastes as concrete materials in construction sector. This study objectives are to systematically review the current research of industrial waste as concrete material for construction industry. Besides, the effect on the mechanical properties and durability while industrial waste was used to substitute cement and aggregate in concrete were reviewed through searching using Scopus database and performing snowball method. This study was conducted based on several steps of systematic literature review and the data used are from past research papers from year 2010 until now. Compared with other industrial wastes for instance waste foundry sand (WFS), coal bottom ash (CBA) and cement kiln dust (CKD), some industrial wastes like fly ash class F (FA) and blast furnace slag (BFS) have been found to be very suitable materials for cement, aggregates and concrete substitutes as it showed good improvement towards mechanical properties and durability of concrete. Therefore, through using industrial waste in construction sector could reduce the generated wastes in the country and prevent the environmental issues and health problem. Furthermore, the cost for concrete production can be reduced as well as help the industry to approach sustainability.