Effects of Spent Garnet on The Compressive and Flexural Strengths of Concrete
Keywords:Sand, Spent Garnet, Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength
Sand is the non-renewable resource which has been over-exploited from rivers in sync with the rapid development of construction industries to produce concrete. This affected the morphology of rivers and interrupted the functionality of riverine ecosystems by pollution. Meanwhile, the unrecyclable spent garnets were disposed of on a large scale and led to waste pollution. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the compressive and flexural strengths of concrete consisting of spent garnet as sand replacement. The specimens were prepared with consisting of spent garnet as sand replacement by weight in 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40%. They were tested under compressive strength test at the age of 7 and 28 days while flexural strength test was conducted on the 28days. The findings revealed that the workability of fresh concrete was enhanced by an incremental amount of spent garnet. However, the compressive and flexural strengths of concrete consisting of spent garnet were discerned to be lower than control samples at all levels of replacement. Overall, the replacement with 20% spent garnet showed the optimum compressive and flexural strengths. It is concluded that the usage of spent garnet is considered as a promising resource for reducing consumption of sand and thus, improving the environmental problems.