Performance of Coconut Husk Activated Carbon (CHAC) for Polluted River Water Treatment

Authors

  • Dilaeleyana Abu Bakar Sidik
  • Angel Leah Norman Centre of Diploma Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Panchor Road, 84600 Muar, Johor.
  • Vyranath Ko Mon
  • Pavitraa Kuichalan
  • Aida Muhamad
  • Nurul Izzati Mohd Ismail
  • Nur Hanis Hayati Hairom

Keywords:

Activated carbon, Adsorption, Coconut husk, Palm oil mill secondary effluent

Abstract

In this study, the coconut husk activated carbon (CHAC) was synthesized via chemical activation and the performance in the treatment of polluted river water with palm oil mill secondary effluent (POMSE) were evaluated. CHAC was produced by carbonizing the coconut husk fibres and activation via potassium hydroxide (KOH) and dried to form CHAC. The CHAC produced was used as an adsorbent in treating polluted river water with POMSE. The best condition of initial concentration of adsobates (0-100 %) and mixing time (30-120 min) in terms of color, COD and turbidity removal were evaluated. The result indicates 50 % diluted polluted river water with POMSE using CHAC at 60 mixing time resulting higher removal of colour (78.7 %), COD (69.0 %) and turbidity (66.7 %). Thus, it can be concluded that the coconut husk activated carbon has plays an important part in the treatment of palm oil mill secondary effluent in good quality.

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Published

23-02-2022

How to Cite

Abu Bakar Sidik, D., Norman, A. L., Ko Mon, V., Kuichalan, P., Muhamad, A., Mohd Ismail, N. I. ., & Hairom, N. H. H. . (2022). Performance of Coconut Husk Activated Carbon (CHAC) for Polluted River Water Treatment . Multidisciplinary Applied Research and Innovation, 3(1), 15–21. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/periodicals/index.php/mari/article/view/3003

Issue

Section

Chemical Engineering Technology

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