The Development of Expeller for Kernel based Seed and its Oil Characterization

  • Olusegun David SAMUEL Federal University of Petroleum Resources, P.M.B 1221, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria
  • Ikuobase Emovon Federal University of Petroleum Resources, P.M.B 1221, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria
Keywords: Design, Palm kernel seed, Properties, Performance, Extraction, Efficiency

Abstract

As  palm kernel oil (PKO) is underexploited and the rural-based oil extraction equipment has a low efficiency in Nigeria, a  performance  of  screw expeller designed for  palm kernel oil seed  extraction and suitability of the PKO for biodiesel production is presented.  The expeller is modified in such a way that the expulsion unit and palm kernel cake section are carried out simultaneously thereby minimizing tardy time and boosting productivity. The key principal units of the machine are  hopper, upper and lower barrel, hand wheel. The expeller is robust and easy to operate. The efficiency of the expeller and production capacity were detected to be 60.3% and 35 kg/h, respectively. The fuel physical properties of the palm kernel oil agreed with those of previous researchers but higher than those of ASTM and EU specifications. The adapted oil expeller is feasible for the extraction of oil  from PKS for biodiesel production.

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Author Biographies

Olusegun David SAMUEL, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, P.M.B 1221, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Ikuobase Emovon, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, P.M.B 1221, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Published
25-04-2018
How to Cite
SAMUEL, O. D., & Emovon, I. (2018). The Development of Expeller for Kernel based Seed and its Oil Characterization. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10(1). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/2090
Section
Articles