Gas Chromatography Analysis of a C1-C5 Hydrocarbon Column

  • Rais Hanizam Madon UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0016-5636
  • Mas Fawzi UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA
  • Shahrul Azmir Osman UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA
  • Ahmad Jais Alimin
  • Mohd Azahari Razali UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA
  • Muhamad Khairul Ilman Sarwani UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA
  • Zulhelmy ZinilAbeden UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA
Keywords: Carrier gas flow rate, split ratio, injector temperature, detector temperature.

Abstract

Gas chromatography (GC) equipment classified chemical elements in a sample through a separation method based on the relative molecular mass. This paper describes the replacement of a capillary C5 and above Hydrocarbon Column of a Perkin Elmer Clarus 500 GC with a capillary C1-C5 hydrocarbon column from a different manufacturer. The use of appropriate carrier gas and a new standard procedure for C1-C5 hydrocarbons column, which produce the fastest appearance, largest and most stable detector signal area’s patterns microVolt-seconds as qualitative and quantitative results were analysed. Several injector temperatures, sample split ratios, carrier gas flow rates and detector temperature were experimented. The effectiveness of nitrogen, helium and hydrogen as carrier gas were observed. The outcome showed that the combination of different column and GC equipment manufacturer works properly without any error. From the qualitative analysis of element configuration, the optimum setting found are; 250°C injector temperature, 1:15 split ratio, 2.5 ml / min flow rate and 275 ° C detector temperature. Hydrogen gas was found to be the best carrier for natural gas samples containing compounds that allot over a wide temperature range. In addition, a quantitative reference standard, detector signal area microVolt-seconds against concentration of Methane gas was prepared to be used as a benchmark for C1-C5 hydrocarbon conversion reaction analysis.

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Author Biography

Rais Hanizam Madon, UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA
Department of Energy and Thermofluids Engineering,
Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering,
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM),
86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, 
Johor, MALAYSIA.
Published
25-04-2018
How to Cite
Madon, R. H., Fawzi, M., Osman, S. A., Alimin, A. J., Razali, M. A., Sarwani, M. K. I., & ZinilAbeden, Z. (2018). Gas Chromatography Analysis of a C1-C5 Hydrocarbon Column. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10(1). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/1893
Section
Articles

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