Production of Lauric Acid and Pentaerythritol Based Biolubricant

  • Hamizah Ammarah Mahmud
  • Jumat Salimon School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
Keywords: Biolubricant, Lauric acid, Pentaerythritol, Pentaerythritol Ester

Abstract

Production of a  biolubricant based on  lauric acid and pentaerythritol (PE) was carried out. The esterification reaction at 180°C-200°C for 6-7 hours in the present of sulphuric acid as catalyst. The  end product (PE ester) was confirmed through the determination of Fourier Transformation Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), GC-FID . The characterization of PE ester's of  viscosity index, pour point, flash point and  oxidative stability . The PE ester showed flash point at 250°C, pour point at 25°C, viscosity index 162 and the oxidative stability at 216°C respectively.The  PE ester produced is plausible to be used as potential  biolubricant.

Author Biographies

Hamizah Ammarah Mahmud

POSTGRADUATE MASTER OF SCIENCE (CHEMISTRY) 

School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology
Faculty of Science and Technology
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia)
43600 UKM Bangi,Selangor
MALAYSIA

Jumat Salimon, School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Published
2014-01-01
How to Cite
Mahmud, H. A., & Salimon, J. (2014). Production of Lauric Acid and Pentaerythritol Based Biolubricant. Journal of Science and Technology, 5(2). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/JST/article/view/648
Section
Articles