Complex Permittivity of Materials at Broadband Frequency using Transmission Phase Shift Method

  • Yi Lin Chan Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Fahmiruddin Esa Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Kok Yeow You Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Rosmila Abdul Kahar Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Zulkifly Abbas Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Coaxial Cavity Test Fixture, Scattering Parameters, Transmission Phase Shift, Complex Relative Permittivity, Non-magnetic samples

Abstract

This paper reports determination of complex relative permittivity  of non-magnetic samples  Teflon, Nylon and Epoxy via transmission phase shift method. The transmission phase shift method offers calibration independent and invariant position features. In this work, a Coaxial Cavity Test Fixture (CCTF) with dimension of 1.8 and 4.1 mm for inner and outer conductor, respectively was customized based on impedance matching theory to study broadband scattering in the range of frequency 1-18 GHz. Impedance matching and cable calibration were performed to reduce the measurement error of scattering parameters; reflection and transmission . Magnitude and phase of  and  were measured by vector network analyzer (VNA). The measured phase of  ( ) for all samples under test were linearized using the MATLAB “unwrap” command for further calculation of . The phase shift in  between with and without sample inside the cavity was detected and it was used to determine for each material under test. The average value of dielectric constants for Teflon, Nylon and Epoxy were 2.11, 2.42 and 3.05, correspondingly for the selected frequency 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 GHz. While, the average of dielectric losses  for Teflon and Epoxy were almost overlapped which the values were 0.001 and 0.002, respectively that were higher than that of Nylon at 0.0006. The calculated values are comparable with the theoretical values with small absolute errors. These results suggested that this transmission phase shift method using CCTF was equally consistent when compared to the other techniques used for the determination of and .

Published
2017-12-26
How to Cite
Chan, Y. L., Esa, F., You, K. Y., Abdul Kahar, R., & Abbas, Z. (2017). Complex Permittivity of Materials at Broadband Frequency using Transmission Phase Shift Method. Journal of Science and Technology, 9(3). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/JST/article/view/2059