Natural Hydroxyapatite Extracted From Bovine Bone

  • Nazia Bano Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Suzi Salwah Jikan Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Hatijah Basri Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Sharifah Adzila Abu Bakar Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Awwal Hussain Nuhu Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Keywords: Hydroxyapatite, Bovine femur bone, Hydrothermal, Calcination

Abstract

The aim of this study is to extract natural hydroxyapatite (HAP) from bovine bone. Hydrothermal method followed by calcination treatment at different temperatures is used in this current research. Bovine bone has potential for producing hydroxyapatite, a chief component present in bone and teeth of vertebrates. HAP is an excellent material used in bone restoration and tissue regeneration. Characterizations of the bovine bone natural HAP powder were done by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR) and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. The FTIR result confirms the presence of phosphate (PO4-3), hydroxyl (OH)- and carbonate (CO3-2) groups in the powder. SEM displays the surface morphology whereas EDX provides calcium (Ca) to phosphorous (P) ratio in the HAP samples. The results of the EDX analysis indicate that the Ca/P ratio of HAP varies from 1.67 to 1.83. The extracted HAP material is found to be thermally stable up to 1100ºC.

Author Biographies

Nazia Bano, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology
Suzi Salwah Jikan, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology
Hatijah Basri, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology
Sharifah Adzila Abu Bakar, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing
Awwal Hussain Nuhu, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology
Published
2017-12-21
How to Cite
Bano, N., Jikan, S. S., Basri, H., Abu Bakar, S. A., & Nuhu, A. H. (2017). Natural Hydroxyapatite Extracted From Bovine Bone. Journal of Science and Technology, 9(2). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/JST/article/view/1990