Analysis of Soil Nitrate Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) Sensor using Arduino UNO


  • Awang Mohd Ashraffarhan Infinity Wave Sdn Bhd
  • Mohd Hazimin Mohd Salleh International Islamic University of Malaysia
  • Nur Shuhada Muhamad Tajudin International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)


Arduino UNO, ion-selective electrode (ISE), precision agriculture, soil nitrate, soil management


The ecological concern over soil and groundwater pollution caused by agricultural activities has led to the growing interest in precision agriculture. One of the most common types of fertilizer is the nitrogen fertilizer which needed in major amount for plant growth. Over fertilization will contaminate soil and groundwater which can have adverse effect on environment and human health. The main purpose of this research is to measure soil nitrate concentration using nitrate ion-selective electrode (ISE) sensor and Arduino programmable microcontroller. The optimum soil-to-water ratio and the effect of soil solution clarity will be investigated. Standard sampling procedures was conducted at oil palm plantation area, Felda Bukit Goh, Pahang, Malaysia. Validation of the results were carried out in the laboratory. The recorded data indicated accurate readings for Nitrate ISE Arduino was R² = 0.84. The soil-to-water ratio of 1:2.5 was observed as an optimal proportion ISE analysis. A clear soil solution was crucial for maintaining the accuracy of ISE sensor, to avoid declining of 46.2% accuracy. These results could assist researchers and farmers to accurately monitor the concentrations of soil nitrate on the field effectively as well as an insight to ISE sensor with Arduino technologies.


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Author Biographies

  • Awang Mohd Ashraffarhan, Infinity Wave Sdn Bhd

    Post Graduate Student

    Technology Analyst

  • Nur Shuhada Muhamad Tajudin, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)

    Department of Plant Science,

    International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, 25200, MALAYSIA




How to Cite

Mohd Ashraffarhan, A. ., Mohd Salleh, M. H., & Muhamad Tajudin, N. S. . (2022). Analysis of Soil Nitrate Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) Sensor using Arduino UNO. Journal of Science and Technology, 14(2), 31-39.