Development of an Acid Resistant Concrete: A Review

  • Anwar Khitab Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, AJK, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Tausif Arshad Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
  • Faisal Mushtaq Awan Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
  • Imran Khan Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Keywords: Concrete, Acid attack, mechanism of reaction, preventive measures, nanotechnology.

Abstract

This review paper addresses the measures taken to prevent or minimize the deterioration of concrete, which confronts an acidic environment. Primarily, the mechanism of reaction between alkaline concrete and acid is clearly demonstrated. The mechanism of reaction clearly sets guidelines as to how the chances of this disastrous reaction should be minimized or eliminated at all. The suggested preventive measures are two-fold i.e. the improvement of the basic microstructure of concrete and the provision of barriers against acids. Concrete can be made acid resistant using classical as well as novel techniques like nanotechnology.   There exists an immense need that these measures are recognized and implemented by the construction industry to put a stop to huge money losses.

Author Biographies

Anwar Khitab, Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, AJK, Pakistan

Associate Professor

 

Department of Civil Engineering

Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Pakistan

 

Muhammad Tausif Arshad, Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Department of Civil Engineering, Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Faisal Mushtaq Awan, Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Department of Civil Engineering, Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Imran Khan, Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Department of Civil Engineering, Mirpur University of Science & Technology, Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Published
2013-11-11
How to Cite
Khitab, A., Arshad, M. T., Awan, F. M., & Khan, I. (2013). Development of an Acid Resistant Concrete: A Review. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 4(2), 33-38. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/IJSCET/article/view/653
Section
Articles