Flexural Behavior of Steel-Fiber-Added-RC (SFARC) Beams with C30 and C50 Classes of Concrete


  • Hamid Pesaran Behbahani Universiti Teknology Malaysia (UTM)
  • Behzad Nematollahi Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Abdul Rahman Mohd. Sam Universiti Teknology Malaysia (UTM)
  • F. C. Lai 4Regional Technology Support Centre, Sika Kimia Sdn Bhd


Optimum steel fiber percentage, Steel fiber added reinforced concrete (SFARC) beam, Flexural behavior


Although conventional reinforced concrete (RC) is the most globally used building material; however, its detrimental structural characteristics such as brittle failure mechanism in tension need to be improved. Discrete and short steel fibers (SFs) can be added into the concrete mix to improve its brittleness. The effects of the addition of optimum percentage of SFs on flexural behavior of RC beams have been investigated in this paper. In this study, the optimum percentage of hooked-end SFs with the dimensions of 0.75 mm in diameter and 50 mm in length are added in RC beams with two different classes of concrete (i.e. two different compressive strengths of 30MPa (C30) and 50MPa (C50)). In order to determine the optimum percentage of SFs added to the concrete mix, 15 prisms and 30 cubes with 5 different percentages of SFs (i.e. 0%v/v, 0.5%v/v, 1%v/v, 1.5%v/v, and 2%v/v) from both C30 and C50 classes of concrete have been tested. Based on the results of the flexural strength and compressive strength tests, it is found that the optimum value is 1% by volume (i.e. 78.5 kg/m3) for the specific type of fiber used in this study. Subsequently, to investigate the flexural behavior of steel fiber added RC (SFARC) beams compared to conventional RC beams with no SFs, two RC beams with the dimensions of 170 mm in height, 120 mm in width, and 2400 mm in length, with the SF percentages of 0 and 1%v/v and both having exactly the same steel reinforcement were tested under flexure using a four-point loading test setup for both C30 and C50 classes of concrete. The experimental results show that the SFARC beams with 1% by volume of the SFs have higher first cracking strength, ultimate flexural strength, stiffness, and ductility compared to that of the conventional RC beams with no SFs. Furthermore, the addition of the SFs has more effects on the RC beams with higher compressive strength (50 MPa) compared to lower concrete grade (30 MPa).


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Author Biography

Behzad Nematollahi, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)

Research Assistant in Structural Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.




How to Cite

Pesaran Behbahani, H., Nematollahi, B., Mohd. Sam, A. R., & Lai, F. C. (2012). Flexural Behavior of Steel-Fiber-Added-RC (SFARC) Beams with C30 and C50 Classes of Concrete. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 3(1), 54–64. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/IJSCET/article/view/397




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