A Simulation Of Solid Concrete Beam Containing Expanded Polystyrene Beads (EPS) And Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) Using ABAQUS Software
Keywords:POFA, EPS, ABAQUS, Solid Concrete Beam
Nowadays, so much waste material was dumped and produced by the industrial sector to increase the economy by maximize the production. Also concrete beam has contributed to a rise in the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas, which is the key cause of global warming. In order to minimise the problem, concrete materials may be replaced by other environmentally friendly materials. In this research, the Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) and Expanded Polystyrene beads (EPS) were used as replacement material. The objective of this paper was to focus on replace several percent of cement and aggregate in solid concrete beam using Expanded Polystyrene bead (EPS) and Palm Oil Fuelled Ash (POFA). For EPS will replace with aggregate from 10%, 20%, and 30%. While, for POFA will replace with cement in fixed value 20% for each beam model not including beam control. The data of the material replacement for POFA and EPS have been taken from previous study. Then, using the ABAQUS software the solid concrete beam was created and they will be analyze to verify the performance mechanical properties concrete beam by compare the value of stress and strain in concrete. Besides that, we can analyzed the pattern of deformation concrete beam towards point load. The objective of this research has been achieve that ABAQUS can analyzed and verify the experimental result. The concrete beam containing POFA and EPS show that the stress and strain value for each specimen varied as a result of this study. When the percentage of POFA and EPS in concrete was greater, the value of stress strain in the concrete beam increases.