Random Vibration and Noise Analysis of Vehicle Seat Using Numerical Method
Keywords:Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (NVH), buzzes, Squeaks and Rattles (BSR), ANSYS, random vibration
The development of vehicle seat used is a challenging task for the automotive industry. In this research the safeness of automotive seats by structural analysis and a random vibration analysis were studied. Hence, the main objective of this study is to determine the suitable vehicle seat configuration based on Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (NVH) performance. In order to achieve this objective, CFD software which is ANSYS was used to analyse frequency and deformation using different force distributed and different material on seat vehicle structure which the force applied from 250 N until 1000 N. The material used is aluminium alloy, magnesium alloy and structural steel to analyse the strength of seat structure. At the end of the study, the effect of different types of material vehicle seat structure was studied. The results confirm that by changing the seat structure material, the rattle noise and in general BSR noise can be improved or controlled accordingly. Consequently, for the seat system which has an identifiable structural dynamic, the BSR noise can be managed and controlled in early design phase by using the seat CAE model.