Stabilization of Johor Peat Soil using Sugarcane Bagasse Ash (SCBA)
Keywords:peat stabilization, sugarcane bagasse ash, cement replacement, peat strength
Peat soil have been categorized as a problematic organic soil, because they have a high settlement rate when placed any structure on it. Therefore, the peat soil must first be stabilized using cement before it can be used. However, massive use of cement can lead to environmental pollution. Therefore, this study intends to use sugar cane bagasse ash as a substitute for cement in peat soil stabilization. The mix ratio of 5% to 20% was used to find the optimal mix ratio. Various tests were carried out on samples such as basic properties tests, Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). After all the tests, the 5% replacement SCBA mix ratio gave the highest unconfined compressive strength if compared to the other mixtures ratio. Therefore, it is selected as the optimum mix ratio. The soil strength achieved by the SCBA 5% replacement ratio was found to be higher than cement stabilization alone due to the presence of secondary pozzolan reactions. The microstructure result from the SEM test had shown that the 5% replacement SCBA mix ratio filled in the hollow left by the peat soil. Hence, able to improve its soil structure and thus increasing its strength.