A Mobile Solution for Lateral Segment Photographed Images based Deep Keratoconus Screening Method


  • W Mimi Diyana W Zaki Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Marizuana Mat Daud Advanced Informatics Lab, MIMOS Berhad
  • Assyareefah Hudaibah Saad Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Aini Hussain Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Haliza Abdul Mutalib Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia


Keratoconus, convolutional neural network, VGGNet-16, lateral segment photographed images


Keratoconus (KC) is a condition of the bulging of the eye cornea. It is a common non-inflammatory ocular disorder that affects mostly the younger populace below the age of 30.  The eye cornea bulges because of the conical displacement of either outwards or downwards. Such condition can greatly reduce one’s visual ability. Therefore, in this paper, we afford a mobile solution to mitigate the KC disorder using the state-of-the-art deep transfer learning method. We intend to use the pre-trained VGGNet-16 model and a conventional convolutional neural network to detect KC automatically. The experimental work uses a total of 4000 side view lateral segment photographed images (LSPIs) comprising 2000 of KC and non-KC or healthy each involving 125 subjects. The LSPIs were extracted from the video data captured using a smartphone. Fine tuning of three hyperparameters namely the learning rate (LR), batch size (BS) and epoch number (EN) were carried out during the training phase to generate the best model of which, the VGGNet-16 model fulfilled it. For the KC detection task, our proposed model achieves an accuracy of 95.75%, a sensitivity of 92.25%, and specificity of 99.25% using the LR, BS and EN of 0.0001, 16, and 70, respectively. These results confirmed the high potential of our proposed solution to apprehend KC prevalence towards an automated KC screening procedure.


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How to Cite

W Zaki, W. M. D., Mat Daud, M., Saad, . A. H., Hussain, A. ., & Abdul Mutalib, H. (2021). A Mobile Solution for Lateral Segment Photographed Images based Deep Keratoconus Screening Method. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 13(5), 18–27. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/8591