Transformation of Spatial Structure of Ion Trajectories into Iconic Representation


  • J. M. Sharif Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Ahmad Basri Zainal Universiti Kuala Lumpur


Iconic Representation, Ion Dynamics, Color Scale, Coding Theory, Visualization


This paper discusses a technique designed to represent the spatial structure of ion trajectories by transforming the vector series from two-dimensional to three-dimensional space. There are four techniques available to represent spatial structures, such as orientation, direction and velocity. These techniques are iconic representation, the navigation function, the halo function and the transparency scheme. Iconic representation is a technique used to transform data sets into three-dimensional iconic shapes where each data set is transformed into cylindrical and conical shapes; these shapes are then used to represent ion trajectories. Additionally, to improve representation the navigation function, halo function and transparency scheme have been proposed. The navigation function is a technique for navigating in three-dimensional space around the iconic representation. The halo function is a technique used to enhance the representation of iconic shapes by adding a subtle halo around an icon and the transparency scheme is a technique used to represent a zoom-in effect during navigation around an iconic representation in order to visualize the cone located inside the cylinder. The result shows an iconic representation technique have been developed to transform a vector series from two-dimensional line graph in order to visualize the orientation, direction and magnitude of ion trajectories in three-dimensional space.


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Author Biographies

J. M. Sharif, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Department of Computing

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, 81310, MALAYSIA.

Ahmad Basri Zainal, Universiti Kuala Lumpur

British Malaysian Institute,

Universiti Kuala Lumpur (UniKL)


How to Cite

Sharif, J. M., & Zainal, A. B. (2014). Transformation of Spatial Structure of Ion Trajectories into Iconic Representation. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 5(3). Retrieved from



Issue on Electrical and Electronic Engineering