Experimental Studies on Continuous Electrocoagulation Treatment of Peat Water in Sarawak with Copper Electrodes

  • Nazeri Abdul Rahman Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Allene Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Elisa Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Umang Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Nurhidayah Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Adarsh Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Abdullah Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Arif Universitas Panca Bhakti
Keywords: Continuous electrocoagulation process, peat water, copper electrodes

Abstract

Abstract: Electrocoagulation is an electrochemical wastewater treatment method, which coagulates impurities particles and ions by using electrical current. In Sarawak, freshwater peat covers around 1.698 million hectares whereas the other 154,000 hectares are mangrove. Peat water is the water or moisture produced from these peatland or peat soil. Clean water availability in the rural coastal regions is limited due to the high financial cost of distribution of essential clean water resources to sparse population in the remote areas. Therefore, a cost-effective standalone electrocoagulation system for the treatment of peat water in Sarawak is one of the suggested solutions to this water supply problem. The main aim of this research is to develop a continuous electrocoagulation water treatment system by using copper electrodes to treat peat water in Sarawak. The peat water treated is targeted to achieve at least standard quality for domestic usage and the parameters studied to measure the optimal design of the treatment system are the turbidity, total suspended solids (TSS), total organic carbon (TOC), pH and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the water treated. The experimental results meet the standard for Raw Water Quality and Drinking Water Quality with an optimum parameter of 20 electrodes, 0.7 cm inter electrodes spacing, current density of 5.99A/m2 and treatment time of 100 minutes. The total operating cost for the optimize parameters is RM 0.11 per litre of peat water. Overall, the treatment of peat water by using continuous electrocoagulation with copper electrodes is feasible.

 

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Published
02-12-2020
How to Cite
Abdul Rahman, N., Linus, A. A., Jihed, E. E., Gilan , U. J., Muhammad Firdaus Kumar, N. K., Phillip , A., Yassin, A., & Parabi, A. (2020). Experimental Studies on Continuous Electrocoagulation Treatment of Peat Water in Sarawak with Copper Electrodes. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 13(2), 168-176. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/7640