Life Cycle Assessment on the Direct Recycling Aluminium Alloy AA6061 Chips and Metal Matrix Composite (MMC-AlR)

Authors

  • N.K. Yusuf Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • M.A. Lajis Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • A. Ahmad Universiti Teknologi Petronas

Keywords:

Sustainable direct recycling, life cycle assessment, metal recycling, hot press forging, aluminium recycling, aluminium AA6061, reinforced particles metal matrix composite

Abstract

Metallic material processing plays a significant role in terms of global environmental impact which contributes to the climate change phenomena that is a serious international environmental concern and the subject of much research and debate. Thus, energy- and resource-efficient strategies in the metal shaping technology domain need to be identified urgently. A frequent theme in the debates that surround waste and resources management is the extent to which the recycling of metallic materials offers genuine benefits to the environment. Solid state recycling techniques allow the manufacture of high density aluminium alloy parts directly from production scrap. In this paper the environmental impacts associated with ‘meltless’ scrap processing routes through hot press forging process with varying parameter has been studied. A comparative analysis has been performed with two different type of materials which is recycling aluminium alloy (AA6061) chips and metal matrix composite (AA6061 chips + 2% alumina) in order to quantify and compare the environmental benefits for both materials. The LCA data are collected using Simapro 8.0.4   software.   The   additional   materials   used   in   a   product   resulted   higher environmental impact. Metal matrix composite had higher value of midpoint and endpoint impact categories compare to aluminium alloy chips.

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Published

01-09-2021

How to Cite

Yusuf, N., Lajis, M., & Ahmad, A. (2021). Life Cycle Assessment on the Direct Recycling Aluminium Alloy AA6061 Chips and Metal Matrix Composite (MMC-AlR). International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 13(7), 95–100. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/7437