Development of the PC-based Integrated Interface System of STEP file for CNC Machining Application: Circular Features

  • Muhammad Abdulrahim Rabbani Md Sharizam Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Saiful Bahri Mohamed Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Tengku Mohd Shahrir Tengku Sulaiman Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Zammeri Abd Rahman Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Roslan Awang Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
Keywords: STEP, B-rep, CAD model, CNC, G-code, interface


STEP is a general data format that observes the international standard ISO 10303-21. STEP means Standard for the Exchange of Product model data. It consists of the 3D geometry of a computer-aided design (CAD) model in the configuration of boundary representation (B-rep). By extracting, refining and decoding the geometric data correctly, the data can be utilized for writing G-code for Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machining application.  Usually
G-codes can either be manually generated by skilled machinists or automatically generated by computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) software. However, manually generated G-code is inefficient and susceptible to error. Meanwhile automated generation G-code requires significant setup cost. This paper describes the design and development of an integrated interface system, an instrument aimed to be used to analyze STEP files and generate machining tool path based on ISO 6983 format. This developed interface reduces the need for high setup cost as well as eliminates human limitations. The interface at present is able of detecting circular machining features on the workpiece. Circular machining features are created by 3D modelling software and retained as STEP file. The STEP file which contains geometrical data is then uploaded to the interface system as an input file which is structurally analyzed and processed.  Finally, the ideal machining tool path in the G Code format is proposed and generated. By bypassing the CAM software and its proprietary post processor, the outcome of this research is important to enhance compatibility between different CNC machine systems


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How to Cite
Md Sharizam, M. A. R., Mohamed, S. B., Tengku Sulaiman, T. M. S., Abd Rahman, Z., & Awang, R. (2020). Development of the PC-based Integrated Interface System of STEP file for CNC Machining Application: Circular Features. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 12(7), 195-203. Retrieved from