Design and Analysis of Different Optical Attocells Deployment Models for Indoor Visible Light Communication System


  • Mohammed S.M Gismalla Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Mohammad Faiz Liew Abdullah University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)
  • Mustafa Sami Ahmed Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM),
  • Wafi A Mabrouk Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)
  • Najib AL-Fadhali Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Elsadig Saeid Alzaeim Alazhari University
  • A.S.M. Supa'at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • B Das University of Engineering, Science, and Technology Nawabhsh


Visible light communication (VLC), Received power, Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), RMS delay spread, Bit error rate (BER)


Visible light communication (VLC) is a promising candidate that is expected to revolutionize indoor environment communications performance and fulfill fifth generation and beyond (5GB) technologies requirements. It offers high and free bandwidth, electromagnetic interference immunity, low-cost front end and low power consumption. Also, VLC has dual functions that could be utilized in both illumination and communication concurrently. The number of optical attocells (OAs) and their deployment in the room represent the main issue that should be taken into consideration in designing an optimal VLC system. In this paper, we have introduced a new model of five OAs in the typical room. In addition to an investigation of various optical attocells (OAs) deployment models, in which a multi-variable evaluation was performed in terms of received power, illumination, SNR and RMS delay spread in order to determine the optimal OAs model. Also, various modulation schemes performances were investigated which included NRZ-OOK, BPSK, and QPSK in order to improve the BER performance. Results indicated that BPSK modulation had superior BER performance when compared with all OAs models. Further, a comprehensive results analysis and comparison of all proposed models was conducted over various parameters, in which our new proposed OAs model achieved an optimal performance in comparison with the other models.


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Author Biography

Mohammad Faiz Liew Abdullah, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)

Mohammad Faiz Liew Abdullah received his BSc (Hons) degree in electrical engineering (communication) in 1997, Dip Education in 1999, and his MEng degree by research in optical fiber communication in 2000 from the University of Technology Malaysia (UTM). He completed his PhD degree in wireless optical communication engineering in August 2007 from The University of Warwick, United Kingdom. He worked as a Lecturer at Polytechnic Seberang Prai (PSP) in 1999 and was transferred to UTHM in 2000 (formerly known as PLSP). Currently, he is a Professor at the Department of Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Electrical & Electronic Engineering and Senate Member University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM). He had 20 years of experience in teaching higher education, which involved subjects such as optical fiber communication, advanced optical communication, and advanced digital signal processing. His research areas of interest are wireless and optical communication, material solar cell fabrication, image watermarking technique, and railway engineering in communication. He is a Senior Member of IEEE, a Charter Engineer (CEng), and a Senior Member of IET.




How to Cite

Gismalla, M. S. ., Liew Abdullah, M. F., Ahmed, M. S. ., Mabrouk, W. A. ., AL-Fadhali, N. ., Saeid, E., Supa’at, A. ., & Das, B. (2021). Design and Analysis of Different Optical Attocells Deployment Models for Indoor Visible Light Communication System. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 13(6), 253–264. Retrieved from




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