Online Person Identification based on Multitask Learning

  • Annie Joseph Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Edward Ijau Anak Pelias Pog Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Kho Lee Chin Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • David Bong Boon Liang Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Dyg Azra Awang Mat Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Ngu Sze Song Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Rilies Rulaningtyas Universitas Airlangga
Keywords: Feature extraction, biometrics, Discriminant Analysis (LDA), incremental learning, multitask learning, person identification

Abstract

In the digital world, everything is digitized and data are generated consecutively over the times. To deal with this situation, incremental learning plays an important role. One of the important applications that needs an incremental learning is person identification. On the other hand, password and code are no longer the only way to prevent the unauthorized person to access the information and it tends to be forgotten.  Therefore, biometric characteristics system is introduced to solve the problems. However, recognition based on single biometric may not be effective, thus, multitask learning is needed. To solve the problems, incremental learning is applied for person identification based on multitask learning. Considering that the complete data is not possible to be collected at one time, online learning is adopted to update the system accordingly. Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) is used to create a feature space while Incremental LDA (ILDA) is adopted to update LDA. Through multitask learning, not only human faces are trained, but fingerprint images are trained in order to improve the performance. The performance of the system is evaluated by using 50 datasets which includes both male and female datasets. Experimental results demonstrate that the learning time of ILDA is faster than LDA. Apart from that, the learning accuracies are evaluated by using K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) and achieve more than 80% for most of the simulation results. In the future, the system is suggested to be improved by using better sensor for all the biometrics. Other than that, incremental feature extraction is improved to deal with some other online learning problems.

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Published
02-12-2020
How to Cite
Joseph, A., Anak Pelias Pog, E. I., Chin, K. L., Boon Liang, D. B., Awang Mat, D. A., Song, N. S., & Rulaningtyas, R. (2020). Online Person Identification based on Multitask Learning. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 13(2), 119-126. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/6613