Novel Wireless Sensor Network Routing Protocol Performance Evaluation using Diverse Packet Size for Agriculture Application

Authors

  • Amierul Syazrul Azril Azman Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka
  • Mohamad Yusry Lee Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka
  • Siva Kumar Subramaniam Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka
  • Farah Shahnaz Feroz Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka

Keywords:

WSN, wireless sensor network, routing protocol, agriculture, grid

Abstract

As the wireless sensor networks (WSNs) progress with newer and more advanced technologies, so do the demands for them in a growing number of applications. Precision agricultural environment monitoring is one of the most prominent applications that require feasible wireless support systems, particularly in the protection and condition control of the crops. This paper focuses on the grid nodes arrangement of WSN, considering the wide dissemination of the plantation areas in the agriculture industry. Due to the different types of sensors used and their data size, the study on the impact of the varied packet size on the performance of the small and large network has been carried out using AODV and OLSR routing protocols. No significant differences in terms of performance can be seen as the packet size is varied. However, compared to the small network, more performance issues have occured in the large network, such as more packet loss, higher throughput degradation, higher energy consumption, worse unfairness, and more overhead production. The OEG routing protocol has been proposed to enhance the network performance by reducing the strain due to the saturated traffic. When solely compared to AODV, OEG routing protocol is able to enhance the network performance with at most 27% more packet delivery ratio, 31kbps more throughput, and 0.991J lesser energy consumed in the network.

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Published

08-04-2021

How to Cite

Azman, A. S. . A., Lee, M. Y. ., Subramaniam, S. K. ., & Feroz, F. S. . (2021). Novel Wireless Sensor Network Routing Protocol Performance Evaluation using Diverse Packet Size for Agriculture Application . International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 13(4), 16–28. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/6027

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Articles