The Preparation and Characterization on Natural Dyes Based on Neem, Henna and Turmeric for Dyeing on Cotton with Superhydrophobic Coating

  • Rupashinii Thana Singam
  • Noraini Marsi 1Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Pagoh 2Innovative Manufacturing Technology Research Group (IMT), Advanced Technology Centre (ATC), Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor.
  • Hasri Mamat
  • Anika Zafiah Mohd Rus
  • Nor Mazlana Main
  • Nur Athirah Huzaisham
  • Muhammad Haikal Mohd Fodzi
Keywords: Natural dyes, superhydrophobic coating, extraction, fabrics.

Abstract

This study is presents the preparation and characterization on natural dyes based on neem, henna and turmeric for dyeing on cotton with superhydrophobic coating. Natural dyes were used to reduce the usage of the synthetic dyes in dyeing process and superhydrophobic coating to maintain the colour of the dyes on the fabric from faded and acts as a self-cleaning. The methodology involved for this study was the extraction process of natural dyes from the neem, henna and turmeric. There are eight different concentrations consists of 0.25g/ml, 0.5g/ml, 0.75g/ml, 1.0g/ml, 1.25g/ml, 1.50g/ml, 1.75g/ml and 2.0g/ml. The mechanical test involved is abrasion test for evaluation the resists wear caused by flat rubbing contact with another materials. Henna coated cotton fabrics have lower percentage weight loss compared to neem and turmeric coated cotton fabrics and uncoated cotton fabrics. The weight percentage loss for henna coated cotton fabrics at 2.0g/ml was 3.57%, for neem coated cotton fabrics at 2.0g/ml was 3.58% and turmeric at 2.0g/ml concentration was 3.59%. On the other hand, the value for the henna uncoated cotton fabric at 2.0g/ml was at 4.62%, neem at 2.0g/ml concentration was 4.64% and the value for uncoated turmeric at 2.0g/ml was 4.65% respectively.

Author Biography

Noraini Marsi, 1Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Pagoh 2Innovative Manufacturing Technology Research Group (IMT), Advanced Technology Centre (ATC), Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor.
Dr. Noraini Marsi is a Lecturer in Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM). She is also Head of Focus Group in Innovative Manufacturing Technology (IMT). She obtained her first degree in Mechanical Engineering (Materials) from research university, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and then spent two years at the Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) for postgraduate studies Master in Mechanical Engineering. She pursued for Ph.D research in Microengineering and Nanoelectronics at Institute Microengineering and Nanoelectronics (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and research attachment under the collaborative project with Queensland Micro and NanoCenter (QMNC), Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.
Published
2019-11-09
How to Cite
Singam, R. T., Marsi, N., Mamat, H., Mohd Rus, A. Z., Main, N. M., Huzaisham, N. A., & Mohd Fodzi, M. H. (2019). The Preparation and Characterization on Natural Dyes Based on Neem, Henna and Turmeric for Dyeing on Cotton with Superhydrophobic Coating. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11(7), 137-143. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/5085

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