Modelling Rail Accident and Incident Causes by Using Zero-Inflated Poisson Approach


  • Joewono Prasetijo Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Ishak Baba Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Khalid Hasnan Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Shamsullarifin Ismail VS Industri Berhad
  • Mohd Ali Ridho Khairul Anuar Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Mohd Azri Mat Aron Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • M Ikhsan Setiawan Narotama University
  • Sri Wiwoho Mudjanarko Narotama University


The development of Railway industry has been growing rapidly until today, which make it as one of the popular choice of transportation mode to travel from one place to another and it becoming more complex. Thus, the complexity of rail network required high level of safety features to prevent any unwanted incident. Therefore, this study proposed a proper procedure on modelling accident which is conducted by using Poisson model. The most contributory factor that influenced the accident can be identified by using root cause analysis. “Ishikawa diagram†is a popular tool to identify problem occurring from the root where it begins. The data were taken from several sources which is secondary data where the data period was starting from 1999 to 2014. Analysis from Ishikawa shows there are ten main factors involved to influences an accident. Those factors are “train driver mistakeâ€, “other’s human mistakeâ€, “weather influenceâ€, “track problemâ€, “train problemâ€, “signaling errorâ€, “maintenance errorâ€, “communication errorâ€, “procedure errorâ€, and “othersâ€. Then, the model was tested to know which model among regression model is suitable and give a better prediction result by carrying out Dispersion test and Vuong test. The results show that Zero-inflated model considered as a sophisticated model to predict accidents and incident cases by Vuong test with p-value of 0.19695481, 0.1301056 and 0.0689108. The most factors contribute to the cases are “collisionsâ€, “derailment†and “SPADâ€.


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How to Cite

Prasetijo, J. ., Baba, I. ., Hasnan, K. ., Ismail, S. ., Khairul Anuar, M. A. R. ., Mat Aron, M. A. ., Setiawan, M. I. ., & Mudjanarko, S. W. . (2019). Modelling Rail Accident and Incident Causes by Using Zero-Inflated Poisson Approach. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11(3). Retrieved from

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