Effect of Temperature and Current Density on Hydrogen Production for Polybenzimidazole Zirconium Phosphate Hybrid Membrane in Copper Chloride Electrolysis

  • Mohd Fadhzir Ahmad Kamaroddin Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra MalaysiaCentre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2631-1873
  • Nordin Hj. Sabli Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi MalaysiaSchool of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Luqman Chuah Abdullah Professor
  • Shamsul Izhar Siajam Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Adnan Ripin Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi MalaysiaSchool of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Arshad Ahmad Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi MalaysiaSchool of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Keywords: Hydrogen Production, Polybenzimidazole, Zirconium Phosphate, Hybrid Membrane, High-Temperature, Copper Chloride Electrolysis

Abstract

Today, about 95 % of hydrogen gas supply is produced from steam methane reforming process, which uses substance from fossil fuel origin. This unsustainable source of hydrogen production also leads to greenhouse gases emission. Hence, this paper presents the promising future of exploiting an alternative to water electrolysis; the elevated temperature copper chloride electrolysis as a sustainable hydrogen production using polybenzimidazole based membrane. Temperature and current density are investigated in the range of 100 to 115 ᵒC and 0.1 to 0.5 A cm-2, respectively. Hybrid membrane PBI was synthesized with zirconium oxide (ZrO2) followed by phosphoric acid (PA) doping while pristine PBI and Nafion 117 used as a reference. The membrane properties are characterized using Metrohm Autolab PGSTAT302N, thermogravimetric analyzer, UV-Vis spectrometer, and Lloyd universal tensile tester. From the result, the hybrid PBI/ZrP membrane properties improved significantly compared to pristine PBI. The PBI/ZrP exhibited superior proton conductivity, thermally stable with high tensile strength. The efficiency of the electrolyzer for hydrogen production was ranging from 91 to 97 %. The mixing of the pristine PBI with ZrO2 and PA doping has produced hybrid PBI/ZrP membrane that can be a promising effective polymer electrolyte and budget-friendly compared to Nafion.

Author Biographies

Mohd Fadhzir Ahmad Kamaroddin , Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra MalaysiaCentre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Senior Research Officer

Institute of Future Energy

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor

Nordin Hj. Sabli, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Senior Lecturer

Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah, Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi MalaysiaSchool of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Senior Lecturer

Luqman Chuah Abdullah, Professor

Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Shamsul Izhar Siajam, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Senior Lecturer
Adnan Ripin, Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi MalaysiaSchool of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Associate Professor

Arshad Ahmad, Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi MalaysiaSchool of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Professor

Published
2019-11-11
How to Cite
Ahmad Kamaroddin , M. F., Hj. Sabli, N., Tuan Abdullah, T. A., Abdullah, L. C., Siajam, S. I., Ripin, A., & Ahmad, A. (2019). Effect of Temperature and Current Density on Hydrogen Production for Polybenzimidazole Zirconium Phosphate Hybrid Membrane in Copper Chloride Electrolysis. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11(7), 182-189. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/4641