Contour Based Tracking for Driveway Entrance Counting System

  • Siti Norul Huda Sheikh Abdullah Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Abbas Salimi Zaini Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Bedir Yilmaz Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Azizi Abdullah Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Nor Sakinah Md Othman Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Ven Jyn Kok Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Keywords: Counting, exploited contour based, foreground object detection, intelligent transportation system, surveillance

Abstract

Managing vehicle in free-flow entrance is tiring to do manually by a guard control especially due to the increase in transportation demand. Providing an accurate vehicle counting approach is vital for traffic management and it will surely be an essential part in tomorrow's smart cities. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to propose a more accurate vehicle counter by using the tracking and heuristic rules approaches. EzCam v1.0 is a vehicle surveillance system for a free-flow entrance where a module of vehicle counting based on proposed idea has been applied. The proposed method does not require high computational resources more than any relatively affordable non task specific hardware. It employs single threshold, contour extraction and sequential frame analysis and finally, vehicle counting process subsequently. The tracking-based method employs foreground object detection method and a mechanism for object filtering approach as compared to Chris Dahms approach which does not consider any object rejection and accept all contour information as relevant to be counted as vehicles. As a result, EzCam v1.0 which utilizes the exploited contour-based approach is able to achieve up to 94 percent of accuracy rate and outperforms the classic Chris Dahms method which obtained an accuracy of 88 percent. Therefore, the Exploited Contour based tracking method helps vehicle counting system to perform better accuracy in comparison to Chris Dahms approach.

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Published
05-09-2019
How to Cite
Sheikh Abdullah, S. N. H., Zaini, A. S., Yilmaz, B., Abdullah, A., Md Othman, N. S., & Jyn Kok, V. (2019). Contour Based Tracking for Driveway Entrance Counting System. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11(4). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/4552