Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System for Prediction of Surgery Time for Ischemic Stroke Patients

  • Rahma Ali Qatar University
  • Uvais Qidwai Qatar University
  • Saadat K. Ilyas Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Naveed Akhtar Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Ayman Alboudi Rashid Hospital Dubai
  • Arsalan Ahmed Shifa International Hospital
  • Jihad Inshasi Rashid Hospital Dubai
Keywords: Infarction Volume, Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System, Stroke, Infarct Growth Rate, Ischemic Stroke, Support Vector Machine, Artificial Neural Network

Abstract

With the advent of machine learning techniques, creation and utilization of prediction models for different medical procedures including prediction of diagnosis, treatment and recovery of different medical conditions has become the norm. Recent studies focus on the automation of infarction volume growth rate prediction by the utilization of machine learning techniques. These techniques when effectively applied, could significantly help in reducing the time needed to attend to stroke patients. We propose, in this proposal, a Fuzzy Inference System that can determine when a stroke patient should undergo Decompressive Hemicraniectomy. The second infarction volume growth rate and the decision whether a patient needs to undergo this procedure, both predicted outputs of two trained models, act as inputs to this system. While the initial prediction model, that which predicts the second infarction volume growth rate is adopted from an earlier model, we propose the later model in this paper. Three Machine Learning techniques - Support Vector Machine, Artificial Neural Network and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System with and without the feature reduction technique of Principle Component Analysis were modelled and evaluated, the best of which was selected to model the proposed prediction model. We also defined the structure of Fuzzy Inference System along with its rules and obtained an overall accuracy of 95.7% with a precision of 1 showing promising results from the use of fuzzy logic.

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Published
03-09-2019
How to Cite
Ali, R., Qidwai, U., K. Ilyas, S., Akhtar, N., Alboudi, A., Ahmed, A., & Inshasi, J. (2019). Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System for Prediction of Surgery Time for Ischemic Stroke Patients. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11(3). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/4540