Development of Vehicle Lighting System Using LED Application

  • Asmarashid Ponniran
  • Azila Nor Azrani Mat Sor
  • Ariffuddin Joret
  • Handy Ali Munir
Keywords: LED, lumen, LED brightness, PWM, buck converter,

Abstract

A Light Emitting Diode (LED) is a semiconductor device which converts electricity into light. LEDs are preferred over incandescent lamps because of their long life and their availability in various colors and brightness levels. The aim of this paper is to present the development of vehicle lighting system using LED application. In this system, high power LEDs type is chosen as automobile headlight model and controller circuit using microcontroller is considered. The LEDs are driven using buck converter circuit with appropriate Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) signal whereby the PWM signals are generated by microcontroller. The system is divided into 2 modes of operation, manual and automatic. The automatic mode of operation will be operating when the LDR senses the level of light brightness whereby the level of brightness is proportion to duty cycle of PWM. Meanwhile, for the manual mode of operation, 3 switches which are SW2 with 20% duty cycle, SW3 with 40% duty cycle and SW3 with 80% duty cycle are developed. The result shows that the maximum brightness of LED is about 127.6 Lumen at 80% of duty cycle for manual operation mode. Besides, by varying theduty cycle of PWM signal for both modes of operation, manual and automatic, LED brightness can be controlled.

Author Biographies

Asmarashid Ponniran
Faculty of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat,
Johor, MALAYSIA
Azila Nor Azrani Mat Sor
School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia.
Ariffuddin Joret
Faculty of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat,
Johor, MALAYSIA
Handy Ali Munir
Faculty of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat,
Johor, MALAYSIA
How to Cite
Ponniran, A., Mat Sor, A. N. A., Joret, A., & Munir, H. A. (1). Development of Vehicle Lighting System Using LED Application. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 3(2). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/368
Section
Issue on Electrical and Electronic Engineering