Feasibility Study of a Low Cost Saltwater Lamp for Rural Area

  • Nurul Aini Bani UTM KL
  • Mohamad Zaki Hassan UTM KL
  • Hazilah Mad Kaidi UTM KL
  • Mohd Nabil Muhtazaruddin UTM KL
  • Shamsul Sarip UTM KL
  • Safiza Saleh UTM KL
  • Mohd Azri Mohd Izhar UTM KL
  • Siti Armiza Mohd Aris UTM KL
  • Siti Zura Abd Jalil UTM KL
  • Ahmad Hadi Mohamed Rashidi National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia
Keywords: Green energy, Sustainable energy, Salt water energy, Salt water lamp, Electrode

Abstract

Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources and cannot be depleted. Solar energy is the fastest growing source of renewable energy but the high installation and maintenance cost of a solar system has restrained the consumers from adopting this technology at their home or commercial building. This is especially true for those in developing countries. A new promising renewable energy source known as saltwater energy that takes advantage of the conductive nature of salt water to generate electricity, has intrigued many people. A study has been conducted to develop and produce saltwater-powered devices especially for rural and remote communities in Malaysia as well as worldwide. To main objective of this study is to determine the factors that affect the performance of the saltwater energy generation such as electrode’s combinations, number of cells and the durability of the electrodes. It was found that the choice of electrodes as anode and cathode does affect the voltage output. However, due to the small power produce, the number of cells must be increased to produce enough power to light up a led light and to provide power to USB port. This paper also conducted a cost analysis of using the saltwater lamp and compared it with a solar system. Although the difference in the cost per hour is very small, there are a number of disadvantages of solar system that need to be aware of. The findings obtained from these experiments will be used to design a prototype of the illumination technology for further product development.

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Author Biographies

Nurul Aini Bani, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Mohamad Zaki Hassan, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Hazilah Mad Kaidi, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Mohd Nabil Muhtazaruddin, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Shamsul Sarip, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Safiza Saleh, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Mohd Azri Mohd Izhar, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Siti Armiza Mohd Aris, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Siti Zura Abd Jalil, UTM KL

Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, MALAYSIA

Ahmad Hadi Mohamed Rashidi, National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia

Coastal and Oceanography Research Centre,

National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia, Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia

Published
26-11-2018
How to Cite
Bani, N. A., Hassan, M. Z., Mad Kaidi, H., Muhtazaruddin, M. N., Sarip, S., Saleh, S., Mohd Izhar, M. A., Mohd Aris, S. A., Abd Jalil, S. Z., & Mohamed Rashidi, A. H. (2018). Feasibility Study of a Low Cost Saltwater Lamp for Rural Area. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10(7). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/3487