Identification of Flash floods using Soil Flux and CO2: An implementation of Neural Network with Less False Alarm Rate
AbstractFlash floods are very sudden and abrupt and are the major root cause of casualties and loss of infrastructure. Flash floods can be regarded as the topmost natural disasters in many countries. Usually floods are due to high precipitation, wind velocity, water wave current and melting of ice bergs. Diversified strategies have been designed and applied to identify the flash floods. Mainly dozen of sensors have been utilized to detect the flash floods like upstream level, rainfall intensity, run-off magnitude, run-off speed, color of the water, precipitation velocity, pressure, temperature, wind speed, wave current pattern and cloud to ground (CG flashes). Ultrasonic and passive infrared (PIR) sensors have also been utilized for this purpose. Sensors generate high amount of fake alerts due to the incompetent algorithms. In our research we have proposed a novel approach analysis of soil flux depicting atmospheric carbon dioxide level as the plants take smaller amount of water from the soil due to the heightened levels of carbon dioxide. Due to this newly discovered research the soil is saturated abruptly causes more floods and run-offs. In our research we have reduced the false alarms and reduced the false alarms by using scaled conjugate gradient back propagation. Simulation results showed that scaled conjugate gradient propagation performed better than the other previous methods.
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