Design and Development of Downdraft Gasifier to Generate Producer Gas

  • Darbi Roslee Center for Energy & Industrial Environment Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia,86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor
  • Sulastri Sabudin Center for Energy & Industrial Environment Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia,86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor
  • Nadhirah Aqilah Noor Ariffin Department of Mathematical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor
  • Fathin Nadhirah Jamari Department of Mathematical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor
  • Mohd Faizal Mohideen Batcha Center for Energy & Industrial Environment Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia,86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor
Keywords: Design, Biomass Gasifier, Producer Gas, Efficiency

Abstract

The drive towards renewable energy become intense nowadays due to the increasing price of fossil fuels and depletion of their sources. Among promising resource of renewable energy is the biomass. In Malaysia, oil palm biomass are available in large quantity and suitable for conversion into value added bio-fuels. In this study, an-innovative small-scale downdraft gasifier was designed, development and tested for biomass gasification. The gasifier operates at flowrate less than 0.1 m/s3 with a capacity of 5 KW. During testing and commissioning of the gasifier, the maximum efficiency of the gasifier was found to be about 71% when firing empty fruit bunch pellets. This gasifier has potentials to be up scaled for actual use either for domestic or industrial use.

 

Published
2018-11-19
How to Cite
Roslee, D., Sabudin, S., Noor Ariffin, N. A., Jamari, F. N., & Mohideen Batcha, M. F. (2018). Design and Development of Downdraft Gasifier to Generate Producer Gas. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10(5). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/3045
Section
Special Issue 2018: Mechanical Engineering