Challenges in Fabricating Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks for Portable Applications: A Short Review

  • Nor Fatina Raduwan Fuel Cell Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA
  • Andanastuti Muchtar Fuel Cell Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA and Centre of Materials Engineering and Smart Manufacturing (MERCU), Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA
  • Mahendra Rao Somalu Fuel Cell Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA
  • Nurul Akidah Baharuddin Fuel Cell Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA
  • Muhammed Ali SA Fuel Cell Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Solid oxide fuel cell, Stacks, Materials, Cost, Portable Applications

Abstract

Despite being the most efficient and quiet operation type of fuel cells, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) deal with several constraints in terms of fabrication cost, material selection and durability issues due to their high operating temperature. The high operating temperature of SOFCs limits their stationary and large-scale applications. Moreover, these constraints restrict the commercialization of portable SOFCs. Therefore, the operation temperature of SOFCs must be reduced to overcome the aforementioned problems. However, this task is challenging because the operation temperature mainly affects the material preparation and the stack design to produce the electrical power needed for small-scale applications. This paper provides an overview of the challenges faced by each component such as the materials, the design of stack, fabrication cost and related research in fabricating high power SOFC stacks.

Published
2018-11-19
How to Cite
Raduwan, N. F., Muchtar, A., Somalu, M. R., Baharuddin, N. A., & SA, M. A. (2018). Challenges in Fabricating Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks for Portable Applications: A Short Review. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10(5). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/2977
Section
Special Issue 2018: Mechanical Engineering