Evaluation of Oil Palm Biomass Potential for Bio-oil Production via Pyrolysis Processes

  • Arkom Palamanit Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
  • Pranshu Shrivastava Energy Technology Program, Faculty of Engineering, Prince of Songkla University
  • Phornthip Khongphakdi
  • Neeranuch Phusunti
  • Yutthana Tirawanichakul
Keywords: Alternative energy, Biomass, Bio-oil, Bioenergy, Oil palm biomass, Pyrolysis

Abstract

The yield and quality of bio-oil obtained from pyrolysis processes depends on many factors, including pyrolysis types, reactor types, operating conditions and biomass property. The objective of this work was therefore to evaluate the potential of oil palm biomass, including oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), oil palm decanter (DC) and oil palm root (OPR) for producing bio-oil via pyrolysis processes. The potential of oil palm biomass was considered in terms of proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, heating value, equivalent heating value, Thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) and lignocellulose content. The results showed that the moisture content of fried samples was in the range of 7.5-10.7% (w.b), which was relatively low and appropriate for pyrolysis. The volatile content of OPT and OPF was higher than 72% (wt.). The carbon, oxygen and hydrogen content of oil palm samples were in the range of 41.5-45.6, 30.7-40.2 and 5.7-5.9% (wt.), respectively. The higher heating value (HHV) of samples was relatively low compared to the HHV of fossil fuels. The OPT and OPF had high cellulose and hemicellulose content, while provided low lignin content compared to the lignin content of DC and OPR. The TGA results showed that thermal decomposition of samples took place within the range of 200–450 °C, which the lignin content affected the thermal decomposition trend. These results revealed that the selected oil palm biomass had relatively high potential for producing bio-oil via pyrolysis processes, particularly the OPT and OPF.

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Author Biography

Arkom Palamanit, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
Lecturer at Energy Systems Research Institute, Prince of Songkla University
Published
22-02-2020
How to Cite
Palamanit, A., Shrivastava, P., Khongphakdi, P., Phusunti, N., & Tirawanichakul, Y. (2020). Evaluation of Oil Palm Biomass Potential for Bio-oil Production via Pyrolysis Processes. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 12(2), 226-233. Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/2886