Taguchi design and flower pollination algorithm application to optimize the EMI shielding of plaster mortar containing palm oil fuel ash

  • Narong Oh Lai Ching Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Chee Kiong Sia Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • See Khee Yee Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Pauline Ong Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Azlan Zainudin Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Nik Hisyamudin Muhd Nor Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Mohd Fahrul Hassan Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Keywords: EMI shielding, Palm Oil Fuel Ash, Plaster mortar, Taguchi Design, Flower Pollination Algorithm

Abstract

To solve the electromagnetic interference (EMI) radiation issue, the palm oil fuel ash (POFA) was used as a cement replacement in wall plastering application for mitigating against the electromagnetic wave (EMW). The variables involved POFA admixture percentage (weight%), topcoat powder-to-binder ratio, water-to-binder ratio, latex agent content (weight%), particle size of POFA (µm) and curing conditions. Besides, the EMI shielding effectiveness (SE) is mainly dependent on all variables, especially POFA admixture percentage and particle size of POFA. A hybrid Taguchi design and flower pollination algorithm (FPA) method was used to optimize the best approaching high EMI SE based on experimental data. The experimental investigation was found that plaster cement can shield -23dB of EMW while FPA can achieve -24.68dB.  The interaction model of EMI SE was derived from regression analysis and found that the EMI SE is dependent on the water-to-binder ratio followed by latex agent content, particle size of POFA and curing conditions. From the FPA process, targeted EMI SE approaching high values were predicted for 30.012% of POFA admixture percentage, 0.3 of topcoat powder-to-binder ratio, 1.03 of water-to-binder ratio, 10% of latex agent content, 45µm particle size of POFA and air curing condition. 

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Author Biographies

Narong Oh Lai Ching, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Department of Engineering Design and Materials,

University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

Chee Kiong Sia, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Department of Engineering Design and Materials,

University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

See Khee Yee, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Research Centre for Applied Electromagnetic, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,

University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

Pauline Ong, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Department of Mechanic Engineering,

University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

Azlan Zainudin, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Department of Engineering Design and Materials,

University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

Nik Hisyamudin Muhd Nor, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Department of Engineering Design and Materials,

University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

Mohd Fahrul Hassan, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Department of Engineering Design and Materials,

University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

Published
11-07-2018
How to Cite
Oh Lai Ching, N., Sia, C. K., Yee, S. K., Ong, P., Zainudin, A., Muhd Nor, N. H., & Hassan, M. F. (2018). Taguchi design and flower pollination algorithm application to optimize the EMI shielding of plaster mortar containing palm oil fuel ash. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10(3). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/2109
Section
Special Issue 2018: Center for Graduate Studies

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