Non-Invasive Breast Cancer Assessment Using Magnetic Induction Spectroscopy Technique


  • Jo Ann Hang University Malaysia Perlis
  • Lynn Sim University Malaysia Perlis
  • Zulkarnay Zakaria University Malaysia Perlis


Breast cancer has become one of the main concern for all human being especially women. Most breast cancer happen in women because women have denser breast tissues than men and breast cells of women are always exposed to changes in hormones, including oestrogen, which increase the risk for women to get breast cancer. The common breast cancer imaging modalities have their own limitations which could be one of the reason for increasing number of breast cancer reported beside unawareness for the disease from the patients themselves. Therefore, early detection and treatment which involve non-invasive technique is more encouraging for its lesser physical and mental harm to patients. This paper describes single channel magnetic induction technique as an alternative method for breast cancer assessment. The simulation was done to investigate the most feasible shape of sensor coil and best range of frequency value to detect breast cancer. The study has found that the circular coil performs better than square coil and the applied frequency range must be high for detecting the conductivity property distribution of breast tissues.


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Author Biography

Zulkarnay Zakaria, University Malaysia Perlis

Program Chairperson (Biomedical Electronics Engineering)




How to Cite

Hang, J. A., Sim, L., & Zakaria, Z. (2017). Non-Invasive Breast Cancer Assessment Using Magnetic Induction Spectroscopy Technique. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 9(2). Retrieved from




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