Kenaf Powder Filled Recycled High Density Polyethylene/Natural Rubber Biocomposites: The Effect of Filler Content

Authors

  • Xuan Viet Cao Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Hanafi Ismail USM
  • Azura A. Rashid USM
  • Tsutomu Takeichi Toyohashi University of Technology

Keywords:

Recycled HDPE, natural rubber, kenaf, biocomposites, water absorption

Abstract

The performance of kenaf powder (KP) as filler for recycled high density polyethylene (rHDPE)/natural rubber (NR) thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) composites was investigated. The composites with different filler loading were prepared in a Haake internal mixer. Increasing KP loading in rHDPE/NR/KP biocomposites reduced the tensile strength, elongation at break but increased the stabilization torque and the tensile modulus. SEM study of fracture surface indicated that fibrillation of rHDPE was reduced and detachment of kenaf powder from polymer matrix was present particularly at high filler loading. These observations were responsible for the deterioration of tensile strength and elongation at break of rHDPE/NR/KP biocomposites. Water absorption study also showed that the water absorption of these biocomposites increased with increasing KP content.

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Author Biographies

Xuan Viet Cao, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Polymer Engineering Department, PhD student

 

Hanafi Ismail, USM

Polymer Engineering Department, Deputy Dean, Professor

Azura A. Rashid, USM

Polymer Engineering Department, PhD, Lecturer

Tsutomu Takeichi, Toyohashi University of Technology

Department of Environmental and Life Sciences, Professor

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Published

10-09-2012

How to Cite

Cao, X. V., Ismail, H., A. Rashid, A., & Takeichi, T. (2012). Kenaf Powder Filled Recycled High Density Polyethylene/Natural Rubber Biocomposites: The Effect of Filler Content. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 4(1). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/133

Issue

Section

Issue on Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering