Comparison of Sol Gel and Dehydration Magnesium Oxide (MgO) as a Catalyst in Michael Addition Reaction

  • Hanis Mohd Yusoff University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
  • Nuur Ul Hazwani University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
  • Norhafiefa Hassan University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
  • Fatin Izwani University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Keywords: Magnesium oxide, sol gel MgO, Michael addition reaction

Abstract

Magnesium oxide (MgO) was prepared by dehydration of magnesium carbonate method and sol gel method. The prepared MgO powders were calcined at the temperature of 200, 400, 600, and 800 ºC for two hours. Then, the samples were characterized by using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). In order to investigate the prepared MgO, the samples were applied in Michael addition reaction to produce diethyl 2-(3-oxo-1,3-dipehnylpropyl) malonate. The highest percentage yield of 94% was obtained from MgO pepared from sol gel method and calcined at 800 ºC.

Author Biographies

Hanis Mohd Yusoff, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
School of Fundamental Science,
Nuur Ul Hazwani, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
School of Fundamental Science,
Norhafiefa Hassan, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
School of Fundamental Science,
Fatin Izwani, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
School of Fundamental Science,
Published
2015-10-09
How to Cite
Yusoff, H. M., Hazwani, N. U., Hassan, N., & Izwani, F. (2015). Comparison of Sol Gel and Dehydration Magnesium Oxide (MgO) as a Catalyst in Michael Addition Reaction. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 7(3). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/1228
Section
Issue on Electrical and Electronic Engineering