Economic Feasibility of Stand-Alone Wind Energy Hybrid with Bioenergy from Anaerobic Digestion for Electrification of Remote Area of Pakistan

  • Abdur Raheem Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
  • Mohammad Yusri Hassan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
  • Rabia Shakoor Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
  • Nadia Rasheed The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, PAKISTAN
Keywords: Bioenergy, Hybrid Renewable Energy system, Homer, Wind turbine, Pakistan, Cost of energy

Abstract

Hybrid Renewable Energy systems (HRES) are gaining importance throughout the world because of the finite sources of oil and gas reservoirs. These have the great ability in the production of electrical energy and cleaning the environment. It is difficult to get grid electricity in the remote areas where no infrastructure exists. The utilization of renewable sources is the ultimate solution for the generation of electricity. In this paper, the economic modeling of Hybrid system consisting of Wind/biomass is explored for the remote area ‘Jangiah’ of Balochistan province, Pakistan. Anaerobic Digestion of biomass is used to get biogas. This source is used to complement the uncertainties in the wind production. Homer is used to simulate the hybrid model. Economic analysis is performed to get the net present value (NPV) and cost of energy. It is observed that wind/biomass alone is capable to meet the demand of community which consumes 60 kW peak daily along with the storage backup. This system is the most economical with COE equal to 0.118 US$/kWh following the hybrid biomass/wind/diesel system with COE 0.202 US$/kWh. The sensitivity analysis is carried out and shows that the proposed system is sensitive to the prices of fossil fuel and project lifespan. The net present value increases as the lifetime of the project increases from 15 years to 30 years. It can also be concluded that if the price of the diesel drops below 0.8 US$/liter, the traditional system using fossil fuels will become the most suitable system for the generation of electricity in remote areas.

Author Biographies

Abdur Raheem, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
Centre of Electrical Energy Systems (CEES), Faculty of Electrical Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, MALAYSIA.
Mohammad Yusri Hassan, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
Centre of Electrical Energy Systems (CEES), Faculty of Electrical Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, MALAYSIA.
Rabia Shakoor, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
Centre of Electrical Energy Systems (CEES), Faculty of Electrical Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, MALAYSIA.
Nadia Rasheed, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, PAKISTAN
University College of Engineering & Technology (UCE &T), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, PAKISTAN
Published
2015-02-16
How to Cite
Raheem, A., Hassan, M. Y., Shakoor, R., & Rasheed, N. (2015). Economic Feasibility of Stand-Alone Wind Energy Hybrid with Bioenergy from Anaerobic Digestion for Electrification of Remote Area of Pakistan. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 6(3). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/1026
Section
Issue on Electrical and Electronic Engineering