The Impact of Green Technology and Health Expenditure on Life Expectancy in Malaysia


  • Amri Sulong Universiti Malaysia Perlis
  • Mohd Shahidan Shaari University Malaysia Perlis
  • Abdul Ekhmal Danial Abdul Halim University Malaysia Perlis


Green Technology, Health Expenditure, Life Expectancy


This study investigates the dynamic interactions between green technology, health expenditure, and life expectancy in Malaysia, employing short-run and long-run Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) tests. In the short run, while the natural logarithm of health expenditure (LNHE) and gross domestic product (LNGDP) exhibit positive coefficients, suggesting potential relationships, statistical significance is not established at the conventional 0.05 level. However, the negative coefficient for the real exchange rate (LNRE) indicates a statistically significant negative relationship with life expectancy. In the long run, positive and negative coefficients for LNHE and LNGDP, respectively, lack statistical significance. LNRE suggests potential significance just beyond the conventional threshold. The model explains a substantial proportion of variance in the dependent variable, but caution is advised due to potential overfitting. These findings emphasize the intricate nature of these relationships, prompting a careful interpretation and highlighting the need for further analyses and data exploration to fortify conclusions. The implications contribute to policy discussions on utilizing green technology and optimizing health expenditure to enhance life expectancy, emphasizing a comprehensive approach to sustainable development in Malaysia.


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Author Biography

  • Mohd Shahidan Shaari, University Malaysia Perlis

    Is an Associate Proffesor at Faculty of Business & Communications in University Malaysia Perlis since 2011. Specialized in Economics as graduated in PhD in Economics conferred by University Utara Malaysia (UUM) besides really experienced in writing high impact atricles. 







How to Cite

Amri Sulong, Mohd Shahidan Shaari, & Abdul Ekhmal Danial Abdul Halim. (2024). The Impact of Green Technology and Health Expenditure on Life Expectancy in Malaysia. Journal of Techno-Social, 16(1), 95-102.