• Hazlina Abd. Kadir
  • Muzafar Shah Habibullah
  • Siong Hook Law
  • Azali Mohamed
Keywords: Concentration, Market structure, Competition, Panzar-Rosse model, k-bank concentration ratio (CRk) and Herfindahl–Hirschman Index (HHI)


This study investigates the market structure of banking industry in Malaysia from 1996–2009, using the k-bank concentration ratio (CRk) and the Herfindahl Hirschman Index (HHI). It also evaluates the monopoly of banks over the fourteen years’ period using the ‘H-statistic’, Panzar-Rosse approach. The k-concentration ratio showed Malaysia was moderately concentrated market, moving to a less concentrated one. Meanwhile, the Herfindahl Hirschman Index result showed a constant concentration ratio throughout the period. The Panzar-Rosse H-statistics suggested that banks in Malaysia were operating under monopolistic competition based on total interest income and total revenue as the dependent variables. In the long-run equilibrium, the Panzar-Rosse H-statistics suggested that Malaysian banks were operating under perfect competition. The findings of this study highlight the importance of size, efficient risk management and liquidity in sustaining long run revenue and competition. In order to compete in the next era of globalization, an ongoing investment in technological aspects related to banking products and services should be one of the essential policies for the banks to prosper
How to Cite
Abd. Kadir, H., Habibullah, M. S., Law, S. H., & Mohamed, A. (1). MARKET STRUCTURE AND BANK COMPETITION CONDITIONS IN MALAYSIA. Journal of Technology Management and Business, 1(2). Retrieved from