Framework of Lower-Limb Musculoskeletal Modeling for FES Control System Development

  • M.K.I Ahmad UTHM
  • B.S.K.K Ibrahim UTHM
  • D. Hanafi UTHM
  • K.A.A. Rahman UTHM
  • M. Mahadi Abdul Jamil UTHM
Keywords: Functional electrical stimulation (FES), spinal cord injury (SCI), rehabilitation, framework, musculoskeletal.

Abstract

In recent years, the demand of interest in functional electrical stimulation (FES) is increasing due to the applications especially on spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. Numerous studies have been done to regain mobility function and for health benefits especially due to FES control development for the paralyzed person. In this paper, the existing general framework modeling methods have been reviewed and the new modeling framework approach has been discussed. In general modeling and simulation can greatly facilitate to test and tune various FES control strategies. In fact, the modeling of musculoskeletal properties in people with SCI is significantly challenging for researchers due to the complexity of the system. The complexities are due to the complex structural anatomy, complicated movement and dynamics, as well as indeterminate muscle function. Although there are some models have been developed, the complexities of the system resulting mathematical representation that have a large number of parameters which make the model identification process even more difficult. Therefore, a new approach of modeling has been presented which is comparatively less burdened compared with mathematical representations. Hence this musculoskeletal model can be used for FES control system development.

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Author Biographies

M.K.I Ahmad, UTHM
Department of Mechatronic and Robotic Engineering &Biomedical Engineering Modeling and Simulation (BIOMEMS) Research Laboratory,Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Johor, MALAYSIA
B.S.K.K Ibrahim, UTHM
Department of Mechatronic and Robotic Engineering &Biomedical Engineering Modeling and Simulation (BIOMEMS) Research Laboratory,Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Johor, MALAYSIA
D. Hanafi, UTHM
Department of Mechatronic and Robotic Engineering,Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Johor, MALAYSIA
K.A.A. Rahman, UTHM
Department of Mechatronic and Robotic Engineering &Biomedical Engineering Modeling and Simulation (BIOMEMS) Research Laboratory,Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Johor, MALAYSIA
M. Mahadi Abdul Jamil, UTHM
Department of Electronic Engineering & Biomedical Engineering Modeling and Simulation (BIOMEMS) Research Laboratory,Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Johor, MALAYSIA
Published
19-10-2015
How to Cite
Ahmad, M., Ibrahim, B., Hanafi, D., Rahman, K., & Abdul Jamil, M. M. (2015). Framework of Lower-Limb Musculoskeletal Modeling for FES Control System Development. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 7(3). Retrieved from https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/1134
Section
Issue on Electrical and Electronic Engineering