Journal of Technical Education and Training <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">The Journal of Technical Education and Training (JTET) is a peer reviewed journal that publishes twice a year&nbsp; (June and December) on articles concerning Technical &amp; Vocational Education and Training (TVET) practices in both the formal and informal sectors. We welcome article submissions from the local and international TVET researchers and practitioners. We strongly welcome research articles and will also consider critical reviews as well as technical reports that can further our understanding of TVET issues and concerns.</p> Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia en-US Journal of Technical Education and Training 2229-8932 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Message from the Chief Editor: JTET December 2019 Chief Editor Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-12-29 2019-12-29 11 4 INTENSIFYING EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING WITH DYNAMIC LEARNING STYLES IN TRADITIONAL CLASSROOM <p>Individual learning style diverges from one another, based on preferential perception on different types of information and degree of understanding the information. Learning contents require the focus to the efficiency of accomplishing learning goals, and all processes involved are considered essential. This paper seeks to explore students’ experiential learning in traditional classroom. It also aims at conceiving students’ learning experience through the transformative learning by adopting modern learning in traditional methods. The study was conducted at Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI), a local public university in Perak, Malaysia. Questionnaires were distributed, using stratified random sampling. Data was collected from 45 technical and vocational students who underwent a module, using traditional method with either engaging or using technological techniques in classroom. Results indicated that students’ preference in learning were the learning style with comprehension of learning elements and new pedagogical tools in classroom. The results would also assist educators in strategizing teaching and learning in schools or higher learning institutions with no technological facilities to deliver effective learning. The pace of worldwide education development has been highlighted specifically on the role of the educator in exploring students’ capability by uncovering their learning style strengths and opportunities even though in traditional ways</p> Raja Nazim Raja Ahmad Iskandar Raja Yaacob Azreen Jihan Che Mohd Hashim Ibiwani Alias Hussain Azreen Roslan Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 11 4 CATEGORISATION OF VIDEO LECTURE DESIGNS IN MOOC FOR TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING EDUCATORS <p>Video lectures are the main content delivery mechanism in Massive Open Online Course (MOOC). It is used frequently in many MOOCs. This has resulted in the creation of many video lecture designs. Scholars agree that noticing the design is significant for both educators and learners. Thus, this study aims to investigate the designs of Malaysian Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) video lectures in MOOC. Using video lectures (N=15) collected from MOOC in TVET discipline, analysis was done by comparing the video lectures with Crook and Schofield’s video lecture design taxonomy. It was found that Malaysian TVET video lectures can be categorized into six different designs. Voice over slides was the most frequent design used. From the six designs, three new ones were found from the video lectures. Hence, the findings of this study may be beneficial for both TVET educators and students when engaging with video lectures.</p> Muhamad Izzat Rahim Sarimah Shamsudin Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 11 4 ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN THE TRANSNATIONAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CONTEXT <p>Entrepreneurship education is often perceived from the local context, due to the lack of international exposure of the local stakeholders in this area. Learning and teaching entrepreneurship education as part of the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the transnational context, therefore, is relatively new. In fact, it remains unclear on what kind of learning is appropriate for the future entrepreneurs who need to work in the global business context. In this paper, we explore learning experiences of undergraduate students in the transnational entrepreneurship education program, focusing on vocational and career training, co-offered by two partners from Australia and Singapore. We focus on what Singaporean students identified as challenges in learning in the transnational entrepreneurship education program in the Australian context from the Singaporean view.&nbsp; This study unfolds the complexity of the management of transnational entrepreneurship education, engagements among students from different locations, and cross-cultural bias in the management of program, people, and learning. It is suggested that addressing these challenges require managers of transnational entrepreneurship education programs to consider issues of power and inequality inherent in teaching partnerships, industry engagement, and the mindset change needed to develop global perspectives.</p> Nattavud Pimpa Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 11 4 THE EFFECT OF COMPUTERIZED-ADAPTIVE TEST ON REDUCING ANXIETY TOWARDS MATH TEST FOR POLYTECHNIC STUDENTS <p>Although much work has been done on computerized-adaptive test (CAT) in reducing anxiety towards exam, CAT in Malaysian educational setting is less explored among educational researchers. Some of the reason is due to technical difficulty in developing, maintaining the testing bank items, and insufficient hardware facilities for huge number of examinees in Malaysia. Hence, traditional assessment method is preferred to assess students’ performance. However, traditional assessment induced students’ anxiety towards examination. The effect of anxiety towards mathematics examination has deteriorated students’ performance particularly at polytechnics that offers technical-vocational-education-and-training (TVET). Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effect of CAT in reducing examinees’ anxiety towards mathematics examination in comparison with traditional testing approaches at three polytechnics in northern Malaysia that offered diploma certification in engineering. These three polytechnics were chosen because it is classified as conventional and accessibility of the researchers to these samples. In order to ensure the homogeneity of the samples, students in their first year of study who enrolled in engineering mathematics were chosen. This research used quasi-experimental research method with non-equivalent control group design involving 300 students. Item-response-theory was used to describe examinees’ interaction with the test items. The results show that CAT has reduced examinees’ anxiety towards mathematics test in comparison to those of traditional testing. This study implies that CAT has benefited students in term of reducing their anxiety towards mathematics examination in the case of Malaysian polytechnics students, and has the potential to be adopted in TVET because it improves testing efficiency.</p> Mohd-Ali S. Norfarah N. Ilya-Syazwani J.I. Mohd-Erfy I. Copyright (c) Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-06-19 2019-06-19 11 4 FRAMEWORK FOR TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS CONTENT DEVELOPMENT FOR STUDENTS IN MALAYSIAN VOCATIONAL COLLEGES: A FUZZY DELPHI STUDY <p>Developing technical communication is vital to ensure employability of graduates in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions. However, limited studies are available to guide its development in Malaysian Vocational Colleges. Hence, this study is aimed at proposing a framework for technical communication development for effective implementation in Malaysian Vocational Colleges. This study employs Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) with 17 experts from industry and TVET institutions in identifying the prominent content of learning for technical communication skills development of students in Malaysian Vocational Colleges. Generally, the findings suggest that all clusters of technical communication skills (oral technical, written technical, interpersonal and researching skills) are important to be emphasised as the content of learning, with a high percentage of agreement (&gt;75%). However, a number of items under Content of Learning components were omitted. For instance, two items under Oral Technical Communication, eight items under Written Technical Communication, two items under Interpersonal and one item under Researching Skills achieved percentage of agreement below 75%. The proposed framework is a relevant reference in introducing technical communication in Malaysian Vocational Colleges.</p> Khairul Azhar Jamaludin Norlidah Alias Dorothy DeWitt Abdul Rasid Razzaq Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-09-11 2019-09-11 11 4 MALAYSIAN CARBON REDUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY TOOL (MYCREST) QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL TRAINING ASSESSMENT <p>In assessing the green building application, CIDB has introduced the Malaysian Carbon Reduction and Environmental Sustainability Tool (MyCREST) which will be fully implemented for government project starting in the year 2018. &nbsp;In order to spread the awareness of MyCREST implementation and train the MyCREST assessor, and TVET workforce, CIDB has conducted series of MyCREST training every year. &nbsp;This research aims to investigate the overall performance of MyCREST training through the training objective assessment method.&nbsp; This research was carried out during the MyCREST in-house training by CIDB involving 33 trainees from all over Malaysia. &nbsp;A questionnaire survey has been developed for this research, and the data has been analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis.&nbsp; Result from this research determined that the majority of the respondents who completed this training have acquired new knowledge on MyCREST. &nbsp;It can be concluded that MyCREST training has achieved the objectives set out by the CIDB. &nbsp;However, in order to improve and to richen the data, observation during the training is suggested to be added in future research.</p> Mohd Firdaus Mustaffa Kamal Haryanti Mohd Affandi Nurul Eizzaty Sohimi Nor Hafizah Abdul Musid Mohd Rizalman Mohd Ali Irdayanti Mat Nashir Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 11 4 DEVELOPMENT OF K-WORKERS EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS MEASUREMENTS INDICATORS IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN MALAYSIA <div> <p>&nbsp;Issue of skilled and knowledge worker is an issue that frequently discussed among agricultural training institutions and employers in the sector. It is viewed seriously by Malaysian government through Agrofood Policy 2011-2015 by emphasizing agricultural workers that are highly skilled and knowledgeable to assist Malaysia achieves high-income developed nation status. However, what are the characteristics of those high skilled and knowledge workers? This question is the base of this research. By using qualitative approach, modified Delphi technique / method is chosen as the research framework. Eleven experts from various stakeholders such as agriculture lecturer, leaders of agricultural training institutions, agricultural instructor and agricultural industry employer in Malaysia. Finding reveals ten characteristics of k-workers that are needed to enable them to have high employability skill in order to satisfy / fulfil national requirement of skilled workforce. This finding can be used as a measurement basis for employability skill level of labour market in agricultural sector in Malaysia.</p> </div> Ridzwan Che Rus Abu Bakar Mamat Khairul Anuar Hasnan Zaliza Hanapi Irdayanti Nasir Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 11 4 MEDIATING ROLE OF CO-CREATION STRATEGY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION AND CORPORATE REPUTATION: A CASE STUDY ON INDONESIAN TELECOMMUNICATION FIRMS <p>Industry 4.0 drives the changing phenomenon throughout all industries driven by digital technology. Digital technology has become an enabler in the innovation of business models. New capabilities are required to be developed, especially for incumbent firms, since new entries have more agility in establishing new business models to create value. Even though the incumbent firms have strong reputation, they need to develop new distinct capabilities to create value in the long run. The fastest way to develop new capabilities is through collaboration also known as co-creation.&nbsp;&nbsp; Co-creation is a form of economic strategy to bring mutual values from different parties as a mediating role in creating business model innovations. Since there are limited study on co-creation strategy in relation to corporate reputation and business model innovation, this paper aims to assess the mediating role of co-creation strategy on the relationship between business model innovation and corporate reputation. The unit of analysis is taken from Indonesian telecommunication firms with sample of 35 firms out of 445 firms using purposive sampling method. Smart PLS (Partial Least Square) is used as the analytical approach and solution in the study. Research results reveal that corporate reputation has an indirect effect on business model innovation, but a direct effect on co-creation strategy. Co-creation strategy also plays significant effect to business model innovation. Co-creation strategy is a moderator variable between business model innovation and corporate reputation. The paper provided insight that the enhancement of corporate reputation should be directed towards building co-creation strategy which will then help strengthen business model innovation article.</p> Leonardus WW Mihardjo Elidjen Firdaus Alamsjah Sasmoko Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 11 4 THE EFFECT OF SERVICE QUALITY AND CORPORATE IMAGE ON STUDENT SATISFACTION AND LOYALTY IN TVET HIGHER LEARNING INSTITUTES (HLIS) <p>The 11th Malaysia Plan has emphasised that TVET HLIs is expected to increase the number of enrolment, improve quantity and quality of graduate to meet industry demand. This is not an easy task.&nbsp; In a competitive higher learning sector, previous researches revealed that TVET institutes is facing challenges such as service quality and image issue which could have effect the level of student satisfaction and loyalty. Thus, the main objective of this research is to measure the linkages of service quality, corporate image, student satisfaction and loyalty in one framework for TVET HLIs. Stimulus- Organism- Response (SOR) model is adapted to conceptualise the relationship between the constructs. Six hypotheses have been developed. The scope of study is focus on student from TVET HLIs under higher education institutes of Council of Trust for the People (MARA). Since this study adapted quantitative method, a set of questionnaire was used for data collection. 398 data were collected and analysed using SPSS and PLS-SEM. The measurement model indicated that the measurement items are reliable and valid. The structural model indicates that there is a direct and significance effect between service quality, corporate image, student satisfaction and student loyalty. Thus, all hypotheses are supported. This research suggested that future research to investigate the mediating effect in the research framework and the scope of study to be extended to other TVET HLIs.</p> Sallaudin Hassan Mohd Farid Shamsudin Ishamuddin Mustapha Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 11 4 EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS NEEDED BY VOCATIONAL COLLEGE GRADUATES: FEEDBACK FROM THE INDUSTRY <p>In the real industrial setting, job duties and skills requirement have changed so much that makes seeking for employment can be a challenging experience. Hence, new graduates need to have the right skills at the right place, and at the right time. This study has been conducted to identify the employability potential of Malaysian Vocational College (KV) graduates based on the current employer perception. In addition, the employability skills among KV graduates as perceived by their potential employers will be identified, so an action can be suggested to KV stakeholders to better prepare their graduates. This study used a descriptive research design with a quantitative approach. The quantitative data for this study were obtained through questionnaires, developed based on the related literature review. The population size of the study is 882 industrial employers, who were involved in On the Job training (OJT) program of the first batch of KV students (from a pilot program). Stratified random sampling techniques were used to select the sample, which came out with a total of 269 sample size. The result of the study shows that communication, thinking and problem-solving skills were perceived as very important by industrial employers, so it has been suggested for the KV management team to develop their students with those attributes before they proceed to the job seeking process.</p> Mohd Adib Haron Mohammad Azlan Mohammad Hussain Rafeizah Mohd Zulkifli Irdayanti Mat Nashir Nurul Nazirah Imam Ma'arof Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technical Education and Training 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 11 4